Shopkins World Vacation

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Preschool fears: Why they happen and what to do

Why preschoolers are anxious about school

Let's admit it: Change is hard on all of us. Think about how you've felt the night before you started a new job – and then think about how many new things your child faces when he starts preschool or moves to a new class.

"Preschoolers have a lot of fears," says Patricia Henderson Shimm, associate director of the Barnard College Center for Toddler Development in New York City. "That's because they're often doing something they haven't done before."

In addition to bringing on the telltale tears, a child's preschool fears can cause him to lie awake at night (or sleep more than normal), backtrack on toilet training, or suddenly exhibit aggressive behavior.

Your preschooler may know exactly what he's afraid of — the big slide on the school playground, or having to use an unfamiliar toilet – or he may just feel scared about school without being able to tell you why. Either way, a few simple strategies will help him feel more comfortable with the new experiences ahead:

Get him talking. Encourage your preschooler to open up about what's worrying him.

If he's not yet very verbal, try playing games that introduce the idea of coming and going: Engage him in a round of hide-and-seek, or slide cars in and out of a toy train tunnel. Then use the game as a launching pad to talk about how the cars – and your child – will always come back when they go somewhere.

You can also set an example by gently relating your own fears: "Sometimes I feel scared when I meet a new person, but I try to be brave and say hi anyway."

Don't minimize his feelings. It's natural to want to comfort your child by saying, "Don't worry, you'll make lots of friends at preschool." But this can actually make him feel more intimidated, since it sends the message that you expect him to be Mr. Popularity.

Instead, let him know that you sympathize. "It's really scary to go to a new school, isn't it?" you might say. "How could we make it easier?" And, of course, never give your child the impression that you think his worries are silly or trivial.

Let him take the lead. Since preschoolers can be resistant to parental suggestions, involve your child as much as possible in finding solutions to his fears. After all, he's more likely to try a strategy that he thought of – at least partly – himself.

For a younger or less verbal preschooler, offer several possible "fixes" for his dilemma, then ask him which he thinks might work. (See below for specific fears and possible solutions to try.)

The most common preschool fears, and how to ease them

"Mommy, don't leave me!" On the first day of school, your preschooler may well cry when you leave. In fact, he may cry every morning for a few days, or even for a few weeks. It's a painful process for both of you, and you'll probably cry, too (just try not to do it in front of your child).

Don't panic or feel bad when your child cries, though. The truth is, his tears don't mean that he doesn't like his new school – in fact, he may soon grow to love it. It's just that he doesn't want to be there without you.

Preschoolers are still young enough to suffer from separation anxiety, and at the same time are old enough to have some sense of time. So your child knows you won't be coming back to get him any minute, and that's a hard reality to come to terms with.

The first – and perhaps the hardest – thing you have to do is leave, as calmly as you can. Give your child a big hug, tell him you'll pick him up after lunch or nap, and then depart, even if you hear him wailing behind you. (If you see a meltdown coming, enlist a teacher's help in involving him in a game or activity – or simply sitting with him until the emotion passes.)

Veteran teachers say the most common mistake parents make is to turn back or prolong good-byes until they turn into tearful marathons. Instead, go outside, shed a few tears yourself, and call the teacher for an update an hour or two later. Chances are, you'll be comforted by a report that your child stopped crying soon after you left and has spent the morning playing with his new friends.

It also helps to find out from the teacher what your preschooler did that day, and to talk about it with him when he gets home: "So, you made a collage and played with Jeffrey today?" Some parents also make a nightly ritual of naming their child's new school pals in a song, story, or prayer. Anything you can do to emphasize the daily routine will help your child adjust and quiet his fears.

"Do I have to use the potty?" Preschoolers are naturally frightened by change, and one of the toughest changes they face is learning to use a new bathroom. With so many preschools requiring kids to be potty trained before they're enrolled, using the bathroom can become the focus of a lot of stress – for both you and your child.

If you're panicking because a potty training deadline is fast approaching, take a deep breath – it may be time to rethink your strategy. First, call the school, explain the problem, and find out how hard and fast the rule really is. You may find that the school is open to exceptions, in which case request that your child be one of them.

It's not a good idea, experts say, to push a child to potty train before he's ready just to meet an arbitrary deadline. If the school holds firm and your child really isn't ready, you may need to consider holding him back a bit longer.

An alternative is to put him in cotton underpants a few days before school starts, cross your fingers, and hope for the best. Many a child has surprised everyone by staying dry (most of the time, at least) when inspired by a classroom full of potty-trained peers.

If it's the toilet itself your child is scared of, ask if you can bring a potty chair for him. If so, buy one that's identical to the one he uses at home and keep it at school.

"I hate circle time!" It might look like fun to us, but to a shy or retiring preschooler, circle time can be, well, torture.

"For months, Natasha kept saying she didn't want to go to school," says one mother of a 3-year-old. "Finally, I found out it was because she hated circle time. The songs and stories were unfamiliar, and she was terrified when the teacher called on her to talk."

The solution in this case was simple: The teacher let Natasha sit on the sidelines for a few weeks, and once she knew the routine, she happily joined in.

One way to help your child weather the spotlight of circle time is to practice beforehand. On the way to school, for instance, you might ask, "What would you like to share today? Do you want to tell about the caterpillar you found?"

You might also want to ask the teacher for a list of songs the kids sing in class, then buy a songbook or recording so your child can learn at home. (You can also get song lyrics online at Kididdles.com.) Knowing all the words to "The Itsy Bitsy Spider" and "Wheels on the Bus" might make him more comfortable joining in.

"What if I get lost?" If your child is starting preschool or moving to another class, he may worry about unfamiliar surroundings. Help him feel more comfortable by visiting before school starts.

If he hasn't met his teacher yet, make the introductions and encourage him to join in an activity or two. Help him find the cubby or hook where he'll store his things, and let him spend some time playing with all the tempting new materials. That way, on the first day of school you can say, "Hey, now you can go back and finish that game you were playing in the home center!"

Preschoolers often feel anxious about a new playground, especially if it feels big or has challenging equipment. To remedy this, visit the schoolyard after hours so your child can climb on the play equipment or ride his tricycle without the intimidating presence of other kids.

Another strategy is to pair a younger preschooler with an older buddy. An older sibling is ideal for this, of course, but you can also tap into your network of friends and neighbors to find a confident 4-year-old who wouldn't mind showing your child the ropes at preschool.

"What if no one plays with me?" Preschoolers can be just as daunted by a roomful of strangers as the rest of us are. To help your child feel less shy, introduce him to as many of his future classmates as you can on your visits to the school.

If a school directory is available, use it to find kids who live near you, then stop by and introduce yourself and your child. Or ask the director for a couple of phone numbers of outgoing kids who might welcome a new friend.

If one of your child's buddies will be in the same school or class, so much the better. Play up the friendship as much as you can, getting the kids together for playdates and emphasizing the fact that they'll both be going off to "big kid" school or moving up to a new class together. If possible, coordinate your schedules so both kids arrive at the same time on the first day and can walk in together.

As time goes on, keep snapshots of your child's school buddies on the refrigerator or in his room and talk about them often. After all, preschool is his home away from home, and when he's there, these kids are his extended family.

Read more about beginning preschool.

Child discipline

Discipline your child is one of the most important things you can do as a parent. I must confess that it is also one of the most difficult things to do when you have a child.

The good news is that a healthy discipline creates a comfortable and secure family environment for you and your child. Thus, positive discipline helps the child to grow up happy, to have a good self-esteem, to learn to respect others and to develop the ability to solve problems and to face obstacles encountered in his life.

What does it mean to discipline a child?

It is natural for a child to give you headaches before receiving guidance and discipline.

The child feels he needs discipline and will go far enough to determine his parents to set limits and rules. Whether he touches the buttons on the TV, or throws food on the floor, bites, hits, rolls on the floor or experiences what is not allowed, he will do so with stubborn pleasure and a growing fear, as he ventures. Further.

Discipline is not equivalent to punishment, and its long-term goal is to "learn" the child who is self-control and learning the limits. Discipline means teaching the child what to do next, following yourself as a disciple, out of love and conviction, not out of fear and pain. By telling him as little as he can and how much, you transform the chaos of the unknown he is eager to explore, into an orderly and meaningful world.

It is important to know, even from a very young age, that there are certain things that you expect from him and that there are things that are not done. Do not expect to know them without telling them clearly and every time the opportunity arises. At the same time, it is important to mention that the discipline works when you are fully convinced of what you are saying, and the child will feel it is important for him to respect your decision.

Finding the right discipline

Of course, the discipline of the child depends on the age, stage of development, his personality and other factors. But here are some effective ideas that might be useful in your disciplinary action, for the child between the ages of 0 and 8 years.

Child discipline at 0 - 2 years

Babies are by their nature full of curiosity and advantage. It is wise to keep out of the way of the child all temptations (open sockets, television, audio-video equipment, jewelry, cleaning solutions, detergents and medicines).

When the baby begins to walk or has already learned to walk and is on the way to a prohibited and / or dangerous object, first try to divert his attention to another activity. If it doesn't work, try to say NO in a calm and gentle tone and physically remove it.

Short breaks (timeouts) can be effective for the 2-year-old child. If the child hits, throws, bites, it is good to tell him why his behavior is unacceptable and he had to stay at the timeout area - a chair in the kitchen or a carpet in his room - for one to two minutes to calm down (longer breaks are not effective at a young age).

Physical punishments send the wrong message. It is important NOT to hit the child, whatever age he or she is! Especially babies do not make a connection between their behavior and physical punishment. They only feel the pain of the blow, without understanding what is happening. It is a gesture that is disrespectful and doesn't even work.

Example power: Don't forget that a child learns what he sees as an adult, especially his parents. Take care of your behavior - you are a role model for your child.

Discipline of the child at 3 to 5 years

As the child grows up and begins to understand the connection between the action and its consequence, make sure you start communicating family rules as well. Explain to the child what to expect when he or she has unacceptable behavior. For example, if your 3-year-old child starts decorating with colored pencils on the living room wall, tell him why he is not allowed to do this and what the consequence will be if he repeats (for example: he will need to help clean the wall and you will not be allowed to use pencils on that day).

If the walls continue to be decorated this way a few days later, remind them that pencils are made just for writing or coloring on paper.

The sooner you start to introduce this "code of rules" with the consequences if you do not accept them and do not listen, the better for everyone. Although it is easier for parents to sometimes ignore the small deviations of the child's behavior and not to use the newly introduced regulation, once ignored, the child's unlawful behaviors will continue and worsen.

Consistency is the key to effective discipline and it is important for the parent to decide what the rules are and to uphold them permanently.

Watch out for mixed messages. When you say, "Don't hit!" or "Don't do it!", if you are not sure in your inner forum, it can be added to the child's lack of self-control.

Once you become clear and firm about what behaviors your child will be disciplined for, do not forget to reward positive behaviors as well. Do not underestimate the positive effect of gratification and praise - as I said above, discipline does not only refer to punishments, but also to the recognition of positive behaviors.

For example, telling your child: "I am very proud of you for sharing toys with other children" will be more effective than punishment for the opposite behavior.

It is important to convey to the child the right message, what he has to do and how to behave. Don't just focus on what he does wrong. For example, instead of telling him "Don't jump in bed!", Try telling him "Please get out of bed and stand with your feet on the floor!"

If your child continues to behave inappropriately whatever you do, try to make a chart with a table every day of the week. Decide how many offenses your child may have until he is penalized and how long positive behavior must be manifested until he is rewarded. This will give both you and the child a concrete picture of how things are going.

Give them examples and ways to handle them in certain situations. Often, how you help him get through a conflict is more instructive than many words. A firm, direct, but affectionate approach may be the best way to model it.

Timeouts can also work at this age. Establish a suitable place, without fun and toys, for the "bar state", a place that will allow the child to think about the inappropriate behavior he had. If you send him to his room where he has the TV, computer or other games, the rule has no effect on him. As for time, you can add 1 minute for each year of the child (3 years = 3 minutes).

Discipline of the child at 6 - 8 years

Timeouts and keeping boundaries consistent are still effective strategies at this age.

Stay firm and serious so that you can not repeat the action and not lose your authority. Children handle any weakness of yours and they will come to believe that what you impose is not true. However, it does not mean that there will be times when you will fail, but try to apply what you say.

For example, if you have announced that if you continue to scream you will give up the walk in the park and return home, make sure you will do it all the way. Credibility in front of the child is much more valuable than a lost day, without leaving the park.

Do not exaggerate with the reactions and penalties and try to be correct. If you made a minor mistake out of curiosity (for example: dismantling a car, breaking it or breaking something by accident), don't get angry, quarreling and devaluing it.

When your child is with other children, try not to give or punish him in front of them. Let him handle the interaction with others and do not humiliate him.

Ask your child for advice on what might help him next time. Then try what he told you. If it works, recognize its merit.

Last but not least, it is valid for all ages discipline is always done with love. This rule is the basis of all those mentioned above. The child must know how much you love him even if he is wrong and that you respect him in the struggle he gives in order to know himself. You can tell him that you love him and that he is sorry that it is so hard to learn to control himself and that you will stop him as long as he cannot stop himself.

Tags Discipline children

Children and their friends during Early Childhood Education

Children and their friends during Early Childhood Education

When children are young and still in the stage of Early Childhood Education or in kindergarten, a friend is the one with whom he plays at recess. Children do not need more bonds or a deeper relationship with their peers. The friend is the one who accompanies him in his games, and is even the one with whom he fights.

Children's social skills are also learned or improved. It is important to develop children's social activities, interaction with other children, relationships with their peers, since it involves important learning that will help them develop as a person.

Silvia Álava, a child psychologist, tells us that "sometimes we adults insist that the bond between two children be greater, we are forcing them to a bond that does not yet exist at that age." The important thing is that children interact with other children, regardless of how strong that relationship is.

In any case, a parent can help their children relate to other children:

- Try to take him to parks or places where there are other children, it is very difficult for the child at an early age to generate a group of friends if he only sees children in school or kindergarten.

- Relate to parents who have children of similar ages to our son's so they can play together.

- When with other children, encourage him to stay with them instead of being with the adult. There are more shy or insecure children who prefer to hold onto their parents. To help him, the adult can enter the circle of children and participate as one more, to try to introduce the child into the game and make him feel more secure. When the child is already playing, the adult can withdraw.

The psychologist Silvia Álava He gives us the following advice: "If we are making the effort to go with the child to a park, please do not bring a" little machine ", because if in the end the child has the possibility to take refuge in his machine, he will not being able to play with other children. And learning to play with the rest of the children is essential. "

Play helps the child to acquire a series of learning that he will need as an adult: to agree, to negotiate, to give in. It is important to encourage children to play this game in the street with other children, since they will have to agree and they will have to share.

You can read more articles similar to Children and their friends during Early Childhood Education, in the category of Friends on site.

What makes a good friend?



Is it safe for a breastfeeding mom to take birth control pills?

Is it safe for a breastfeeding mom to take birth control pills?

24. Hooded jacket

The little wolves will not fear the spray with this two-tone hooded vest. Presented in the March 2010 issue of, it is knitted in stock jersey and garter st for borders.

Sizes: 3 (6-12) months

Supplies

Phildar knitting yarn, quality "Phil parfum" (100% cotton-thread relaxing with lavender): 3 (4 - 4) pel. collar. Roller, 1 pel. collar. Sand.

Aig. n ° 3,5 and n ° 4. 4 buttons.

Points used

Jersey approx. : * 1 rg approx., 1 rg end. *

Jersey end .: * 1 rg end., 1 rg approx. *

Sample

A square 10 cm jersey end., Aig. No. 4 = 19 m. and 25 rgs

Production

DOS: mount 48 (52 - 56) sts. Pebble, ea. # 4. Tric. 3 rows of stocking st. then cont. in jersey end.

A 10 (12 - 14) cm high. tot., for the sleeves., rab. at each end 1ft 3m. = 42 (46-50) m.

A 15 (18 - 21) cm high. tot., put on hold the 10 (12 - 14) sts. central and term. each side separately leaving on the middle side, ts 2 rows: 1 fs 4 sts, 1 fs 3 sts, 1 fs 2 sts. and 2 fs 1 m. Rab. the 5 (6 - 7) sts. of the shoulder.

Take back the 32 (34 - 36) sts. waiting, aig. # 4. Tric. 1 rg end. on end. Sand, 3 rows of stocking st. then 9 rows of stockinette st. in distribution. 6 sun on the 3rd and 6th rg. Rab. the 20 (22 - 24) sts. rest.

FRONT RIGHT: assemble 25 (27 - 29) sts. Pebble, ea. # 4. Tric. 3 rows of stocking st. then cont. in jersey end.

A 10 (12 - 14) cm high. tot., for armhole, rab. on the left 1 fs 3 m = 22 (24 - 26) sts.

At 12 (15 - 18) cm high. tot., leave on the right side ts 2 rows: 1 fs 4 (5-6) sts, 1 fs 3 sts, 2 fs 2 sts. and 6 fs 1 m. Rab. the 5 (6 - 7) sts. of the shoulder.

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My child doesn't read!

Most of the time, we give up introducing our children to school years. However, the habit of reading begins in infancy. Psychological Counselor from April Psychological Counseling Center Deniz Çağlı Günim “In the first years of life with the book, it is as important as acquiring the habit of getting acquainted with reading; It also contributes greatly to the social, emotional, cognitive and language development of the child. ”

The basics of reading begin with the singing of his mother or father when he was a baby. When he grows a little older, he is interested in books, he wants to turn his pages and look at color pictures. Whether your child is 6-7 months old or 6-7 years old, there are books available for them, and they will make a very different contribution to your child's development.

The benefits of reading are not limited to counting. However, Psychological Counselor Deniz Çağlı Günim underlines the following points:

  • Introducing your child to a book at a young age will not only give you the habit of reading, it will be useful for development in many different areas. The book contributes greatly to the child's recognition of the objects around him, his focus on his eyes, his ability to concentrate attention, and his speaking and listening skills.
  • For young children, the book is very useful in reinforcing the basic concepts such as big and small, and in the process of learning the objects, people and animals that he frequently sees around him. However, it is important to choose colorful, sound and abundant picture books that will interest him. As they grow a little older, answering questions about the story they listen to, encouraging the child to tell the pictures in the book, will improve cause-effect relationships, order events correctly, and affect learning and thinking processes in a positive way.
  • For children who learn to read and can now read their own books, reading is not only a means of learning. Reading improves the verbal expression of the child. The vocabulary develops, the more he reads, the more he reads, the longer his attention, and the ability to think abstractly. Research has shown that reading habits gained at an early age increase academic success in later years.

Parents should read so that they can read children

Children learn by taking models and imitating them. From infancy, they follow their parents and imitate them. They learn to dress and eat by watching them, as well as reading and imitating them by watching them. Therefore, if our child likes to read books and we want them to gain the habit of reading, we should first read them as parents. It will be much easier for children who see their parents to read and grow up in an environment where there are books, magazines and things to read.

What can you do?

Name Johnson - Meaning and origin

Origin of first name:

Anglo-Saxons, Hebrews

Meaning of the name:

French meaning: in French culture, as in many cultures, Johnson's roots are derived from the Hebrew name "Jehovah". The latter means "lovable" or "the favor of God".
In the Jewish culture "Yĕhōwāh" also means "My Lord".
Scottish Sense: In Scotland, the male given name Johnson means "son of John".

Celebrities:

French rugby player Johnson Falefa, Zambian football player Johnson Bwalya ... a sporting future your champion?

His character :

Johnson is a reserved man, but once confident, he is always jovial and the first to fall into endless laughter. He likes to joke with his friends, make jokes and be in good company. However, he has a hidden face: his sensitivity.

Derivatives:

Johane, Johanan, Johana, Johan, Joham, Johakim, Johaina and Johad.

His party :

No feast date known.

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