Im pregnant and having horrible leg and foot cramps. What can I do?

Name Angéla - Meaning of origin



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New study aims to find out exactly what screen time is doing to kids' brains

The study, sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), involved scanning the brains of more than 4,500 preteens ages 9 and 10, and documenting, through questionnaires, the amount of time typically spent on screens. The research is part of a broader study that will follow children through adolescence to see what impact screen time and other influences such as concussions, drugs, and alcohol have on their health long-term.

In the first round of results, researchers found that children who used smart phones, tablets and video games more than seven hours a day showed a premature thinning of the outermost layer of their brain, called the cortex. That's the part of the brain that processes information from the senses. Findings also showed that kids who spent more than two hours a day on screens scored lower on language and thinking tests compared to kids who spent less time with screens, CBS reported.

These results are a cause for concern. And scientists plan to keep studying the impact of screens on kids' brains over a ten-year period. But right now, there isn't enough information to come to a solid conclusion about the effects of screen time. Researchers don't yet know whether the premature cortex thinning, which relates to maturation, is necessarily bad. They also don't know if these brain changes are long term. And they can't prove that screens are directly impacting children's brains and test scores, only that there's a correlation between the two.

That said, other studies have pointed to possible problems associated with screen time. These include shorter attention spans, hyperactivity, ADHD, obesity, sleep problems, and aggressive behavior.

In the meantime, it's important that parents manage their children's screen time so it doesn't interfere with, or take the place of, the many other social and interactive activities that should be a regular part of a healthy child's day—including exercise and sleep. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends limiting screen time, especially for the youngest children. Here are the AAP's main guidelines:

  • Kids under 18 months: Avoid screens other than video chatting.
  • Children 18 to 24 months: If you decide to introduce digital media, choose high-quality programming, and watch it with your children to help them understand what they're seeing.
  • Ages 2 to 5 years: Limit screen use to one hour per day of high-quality programs, and view with them.
  • Ages 6 and older: Place consistent limits on screen time, and make sure it doesn't take the place of adequate sleep, exercise and other activities important for your child's health. Designate media-free times together, such as during mealtimes and in the car, as well as screen-free zones such as the bedroom.

Most good parenting starts with being a good role model. It's no different with technology. Our children are watching and learning from our relationship with technology. If you feel you might be spending too much time with your phone or mobile device, here are some great tips for cutting down on your tech use.

our site News & Analysis is an assessment of recent news designed to cut through the hype and get you what you need to know.

Study shows impacts of screen time on adolescent brains



BabyCenter® & YouGov Research Reveals that Featuring Diverse Family Types in Advertising Resonates with Today's Parents

BabyCenter® & YouGov Research Reveals that Featuring Diverse Family Types in Advertising Resonates with Today's Parents

Contact:
Laura Goldberg – [email protected]
Laurie Jakobsen – [email protected]

BABYCENTER® & YOUGOV RESEARCH REVEALS THAT FEAUTURING DIVERSE FAMILY TYPES IN ADVERTISING RESONATES WITH TODAY'S PARENTS

Study Finds 80% of Parents Like to See Diverse Types of Families in Advertising & Many Millennial Parents Are More Apt to Talk About and Purchase Products That Include Family Diversity in Their Marketing

Report Showcases Expert Insights and Recommendations from Media and Marketing Leaders at ABC Entertainment Group, Dentsu Aegis Network, Fisher-Price, Johnson & Johnson, Leo Burnett, Mondelez International, R/GA, Walton Isaacson, Wells Fargo & Zenith Media

SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. (March 7, 2016) – BabyCenter®, the #1 pregnancy and parenting web destination worldwide, has released “Family Diversity Is the New Norm: 7 Best Practices for Brands to Connect With Today’s Parents,” a new report revealing how brands can more effectively engage with parents by reflecting shifts across the American family landscape – spotlighting households with parents who are single, co-habitating, LGBTQ, mixed race, or who include stay-at-home dads. Created in partnership with research company YouGov, the whitepaper features exclusive quantitative research, pinpointing parents’ views on family trends, advertising, and brands, showing that a majority (80%) like seeing diverse families in marketing, regardless of the composition of their own family. Moreover, 4 in 10 families include these “modern family” types, with the classic “traditional family” types shrinking. The report also taps into opinions and advice from 10 luminaries from the brand, entertainment, ad creative, and media agency worlds to provide meaningful insights that can guide advertisers who are considering campaigns that embrace the new diverse family paradigm.

“It is clear that diverse families are becoming the new norm in the U.S.,” said Julie Michaelson, Head of Global Sales, BabyCenter. “The transition has many marketers unsure of how to mirror this shift in their advertising, and several of our own brand clients have come to us for guidance in walking the ‘new modern family’ tightrope. This report is a direct response, providing real world advice, supported by hard data, to give brand marketers a guidepost for successfully connecting with all of the different kinds of families that make up the mosaic of this country.”

Industry experts offering their opinions and advice include:

  • Vida Cornelious, Executive Vice President and Chief Creative Officer, Walton Isaacson
  • Samie Kim Falvey, Executive Vice President, Comedy Development and International Scripted Development, ABC Entertainment Group
  • Teresa Gonzalez Ruiz, Vice President, Global Brand Marketing, Fisher-Price
  • A.J. Hassan, Vice President, Creative Director, Leo Burnett
  • Jane Lacher, Executive Vice President, Strategy, Zenith Media
  • Nick Law, Global Chief Creative Officer, R/GA
  • Michelle Lynn, Chief Insights Officer, Dentsu Aegis Network
  • Jamie Moldafsky, Chief Marketing Officer, Wells Fargo
  • Gary Osifchin, Vice President, Global Brands, Biscuits Category, Mondelez International
  • Manoj K. Raghunandanan, Senior Marketing Director, Johnson & Johnson (U.S. Pain Franchise)

Collectively, these media and marketing innovators and leaders help distill seven best practices for marketers looking to engage with current shifts in the family dynamic:

  1. Depict families realistically and authentically
  2. Conduct in-depth research that includes garnering feedback from diverse types of parents
  3. Stay true to your brand, aligning new marketing efforts with core brand storylines
  4. Match your brand’s corporate values, policies, and actions to its external marketing communications
  5. Feature universal truths – highlight qualities and experiences that unite all families
  6. Ensure that inclusivity drives media strategy
  7. Prepare to stay the course – with stakeholder support – in the face of detractors

These guidelines are bolstered by in-depth surveys and interviews with parents in “modern” families as well as “traditional” households, showing that:

  • 87% of parents agree that society is more accepting of different types of families
  • 66% of parents think it is important that brands respect all types of families
  • 72% of parents say a brand that shares their values is an important factor in their purchasing decisions

The results also demonstrate that showcasing diverse family types makes good business sense:

  • 49% of Millennial parents are more likely to talk to their friends about products that include more diverse family types in their ads
  • 41% are more likely to purchase these products

In addition, the study points to the need for a comprehensive approach and careful consideration:

  • 61% of parents agree that “brands tend to claim to support causes that are popular regardless of whether they are making an authentic commitment to that cause”
  • 7 in 10 parents have consciously not purchased a product because they don’t believe in what the company stands for

YouGov BrandIndex data also provides another layer of intelligence, tracking consumer perception surrounding specific ad campaigns that showcase diverse families.

“With the paths through adulthood, relationships, and parenthood so diverse and potentially fluid, the time is right for brands to recognize and celebrate that diversity,” Ted Marzilli, CEO, YouGov BrandIndex. “That said, it is critical that brands appear authentic and the messaging reflects the values of the company. Balancing a message of inclusiveness while not alienating existing customers is a challenge for many brands.”

“Family Diversity Is the New Norm: 7 Best Practices for Brands to Connect With Today’s Parents” will come to life onstage during two official sessions at the SXSW conference in Austin, Texas, on Saturday, March 12, 2016. Held at the Hilton Garden Inn’s 18 Over Austin, the 2pm and 3:30pm (Central) panels will feature select experts from the whitepaper, as well as Steven Levitan, Co-Creator and Executive Producer of ABC’s hit show Modern Family; Chloe Gottlieb, Senior Vice President and Executive Creative Director at R/GA; and University of Maryland Professor Philip N. Cohen, who is the author of The Family: Diversity, Inequality, and Social Change (W. W. Norton & Company, August 2014).

To learn more about the SXSW sessions or download the complete “Family Diversity Is the New Norm: 7 Best Practices for Brands to Connect With Today’s Parents” paper, please visit https://www.babycenterbrandlabs.com/sxsw/.

Methodology

The research for this whitepaper included qualitative, quantitative, and syndicated research conducted by our site as well as our research partner YouGov. Consumer research included 18 in-home focus groups with moms and dads in Chicago, San Diego, and San Francisco. A variety of family types were represented in the groups. Survey research was conducted using BabyCenter’s proprietary 21st Century Mom® panel as well as Research Now’s panel of 1,000 parents with children under the age of 18. “Modern families” in these surveys were defined as households with single or co-habitating (non-married) parents, LGBTQ, or multi-racial parents or households with stay-at-home dads; all other families were considered “traditional.” YouGov, in cooperation with BabyCenter, fielded a survey among its national panel including 1,100 online adults. It also included brand tracking data for advertisers that are embracing family diversity in their ad campaigns through YouGov’s BrandIndex.

###

About YouGov

Founded in London in 2000, YouGov is considered the pioneer of online market research, and now has offices throughout the UK, the United States, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia.

At the heart of the company is a global online community of some 3 million respondents and thousands of political, cultural, and commercial organizations, engaged in a continuous conversation about their beliefs, their behaviors, and their brands. Companies, governments, and institutions use our data to better understand the people that sustain them.

About BabyCenter® LLC

BabyCenter is the world’s partner in parenting. The #1 pregnancy and parenting digital destination, our site reaches more than 45 million parents a month from every corner of the globe through its 11 owned and operated properties in 9 different languages. In the United States, 8 in 10 new and expectant moms online use our site each month. our site provides parents with trusted information, advice from peers, and support that’s Remarkably Right® at every stage of their child’s development. Products include websites, mobile apps, online communities, email series, social programs, print publications, and public health initiatives. our site also leverages its industry-leading audience engagement to provide unparalleled insights and innovative marketing solutions to the world’s top brands, retailers, and institutions. our site is also committed to improving maternal health globally, and, through its Mission Motherhood™ campaign, works closely with nonprofits, NGOs, and governments to help make motherhood safer for all women. our site LLC is a member of the Johnson & Johnson family of companies. Visit our site on Facebook, Pinterest, Instagram, and LinkedIn or follow @our site and @MomInsights on Twitter.

Types of Families Nuclear, Extended and Single Parent Family



What a woman feels when her pregnancy test is negative

What a woman feels when her pregnancy test is negative

They are only five seconds, but they can become an eternity. The time that elapses since you do the pregnancy test until you see the pink streaks (if they do come out) they are endless. Fear, anguish, despair or uncertainty are feelings that accompany you at that moment. And is that, To get pregnantIt is not as easy as many people think.

There are some who are lucky and, the first time, they get pregnant, but others like Megan Lynne Ferrero have to make several attempts to achieve their desired dream. "There is a lot of talk about pregnancy tests that test positive, but what about those that test negative? Why is nothing said about it? ", This British woman posted on her social media.

Those pregnancy tests that, without words, they are saying it all. Just an image of pink streaks that creep into the mind. Once again, one more month, negative! And we review the test three minutes later, 10 minutes later, half an hour later to see if its status has changed and with the illusion that it was wrong and see if that second magic line appears, but no! "If you are like me- Megan Lynne Ferrero comments- you will even compare it days later, because perhaps what happens is that it did not look good. And you take several photos with your mobile, you will edit them, you will put them in the flash ... and you do it in vain! ".

All illusions fall apart. "You, before doing the pregnancy test You had already calculated when your baby would be born and you were even thinking about how you were going to communicate the good news to your partner, to your family members, to your friends. If it was in summer, you imagined yourself on a trip to a surprising place with the whole family; If the circumstance was delayed a little more, you thought then it is to do it after the holidays; Or if it occurred in November, in your head you created the stamp of doing it on Halloween, but the reality is that Halloween arrives and you are still the same, with your pregnancy test negative, "Megan explains.

You go to doctors, you talk to friends, you look for any source of information that answers this great question: Why can not I get pregnant? And, here, as Megan Lynne says, everyone thinks: "They tell you that it is stress, that influences your reproductive capacity, so you try to pretend that you are not. But you can't help feeling a little scared, even when Months go by and you don't have a brother or sister there for your current child, and the idea that they will be together for a short time becomes more and more a fantasy than a reality. "

But what happens when we turn on the television and baby commercials start running? Or when you walk down the street and come across several women with a cart and other pregnant women? Not to mention the moment when your coworker communicates the good news that in 9 months she will be a mother. You rejoice, but inside you feel enormous envy and inexplicable pain. That, as Megan says, is not talked about either. But it is there, in the hearts and heads of many women who see time taking them away from their desire to become a mother for the first, second or third time in their lives.

Today all of us, those of us who are already mothers but also those who are struggling to achieve it for three, four or five years, feel closer to each other thanks to this testimony of Megan. Today we are all Megan! It is difficult, but there is hope.

You can read more articles similar to What a woman feels when her pregnancy test is negative, in the category of Getting pregnant on site.

Is it possible for a woman to be pregnant, yet her pregnancy tests are always negative?



The selfishness of children

Selfish vs selfless

In late autumn and winter, when many fresh vegetables are scarce, it's worth reaching for silage. Silage is natural probiotic which has a positive effect on the intestinal microflora. Today no one is hiding that immunity comes from the intestines, therefore, eating pickled vegetables helps strengthen the body and reduce the incidence of illness.

Immunity comes from the intestines

Recent research results indicate that 80% of the cells of the immune system are found in the walls of our intestine. The intestinal mucosa is the largest surface of our body, unfortunately under the influence of adverse factors it loses its tightness. Good bacteria allow it to regenerate quickly, which in turn enables effective protection against toxins and pathogenic bacteria. That is why proper nutrition and supply of valuable bacteria, which can be found in fresh, good quality silage, is so important.

Silage for immunity - a source of lactic acid

Silage is a valuable source of lactic acid bacteria.

Lactic acid formed during fermentation has a very beneficial effect on health, first of all rapidly strengthens the body, regulates the digestive system, has a beneficial effect on bacterial flora and helps cleanse the body of unnecessary ingredients. Lactic acid promotes digestion (proteins, fats, carbohydrates) and facilitates the absorption of nutrients (e.g. iron, thus protecting against anemia), besides, it is necessary for the synthesis of vitamin K and B vitamins. The silage and lactic acid contained in them strengthens hair, nails and has a positive effect on the appearance of the skin.

Silage for immunity - a source of valuable vitamins and microelements

Silage also provides, which is often forgotten, many valuable vitamins. Contrary to popular opinion, they are not a more valuable source of vitamin C than fresh vegetables. Valuable ingredients can be found not only in the vegetables themselves, but also in juice, which is equally valuable.

The following should be mentioned:

  • vitamin B1, B2, B3,
  • vitamin C, A, K, PP,
  • magnesium,
  • calcium,
  • phosphorus,
  • potassium.

Silage is a valuable source antioxidants, which remove free radicals arising during metabolic changes, as well as supplied with low-quality junk food. Thanks to this, they not only support immunity, but protect against the development of cancer and premature aging.

How does silage support immunity?

Our immunity is closely related to the intestinal bacterial flora. Only the presence of good bacteria gives the body the willingness to face threats.

Silage is an excellent source of good bacteria, each serving contains millions of beneficial bacteria, much more than we can find in ready-made pharmacy products - probiotics. Silage contain for example bacteriocins that eliminate pathogenic bacteria.

In addition, silage is in the composition lactic acid, which favorably affects the work of the immune system, and quite high content easy to absorb vitamin C allows you to get a quick immune response.

Silage - a source of fiber

Silage is also an important source of fiber, on the one hand it gives a sense of satiety, on the other it allows sweep away of unnecessary waste products. They protect against constipation and reduce the desire for sweets. They remove toxins, which positively affects the well-being and work of the immune system.

Silage is low in calories

Silage has fewer calories than the vegetables they form from. All because during the fermentation the amount of sugar decreases and the amount of water increases. However, you need to watch out for salt, which excess may be unfavorable especially for people with hypertension.

It is worth eating homemade silage

In the store we will buy sauerkraut and pickled cucumbers. They are not equivalent to homemade sauerkraut and cucumbers.

This is because in industrial conditions, ingredients are added during pickling to speed up the acidification process. The ensiling process does not occur naturally, only one selected strain of fermentation bacteria is used. This is definitely not enough ... As a result, a product is created that has definitely less health benefits than that prepared at home or available from a proven supplier, for example in the bazaar. Market silage does not provide such a wide spectrum of good bacteria as home-made silage.

Do children and babies have a sixth sense?

Do children and babies have a sixth sense?

There are children who perceive phenomena that adults cannot explain. They are able to report that there is someone in their room, that they have spoken with their deceased grandmother or that they have a friend who is always with them.

The movie The sixth Sense It was about this type of experience: children who see, feel and perceive things that neither adults nor science are capable of providing a foundation. The question regarding these experiences is: fantasy or reality?

- 'Dad, there is a man sitting on my bed who is looking at me'

It is just the experience that a girl told when she woke up with a start to her father, who could not help but be terrified when the little girl perfectly related what that man was like and how he was dressed, using words for some of the clothes that she did not know until then. As skeptical as the father was, he looked from one side of the room to the other, hoping ... to see nothing!

Many parents can tell similar stories, of babies who stare at a corner of the room, children who seem to be playing with someone or others who relate how they could see and talk with their grandparents, now deceased.

We adults make our hair stand on end with these stories, but what is the explanation? There are two very different theories:

- For the believers in paranormal theories, the explanation is that children have a sixth sense, which is lost in adulthood and which connects them directly with the afterlife or with metaphysical energies. They liken it to that sense that pets have that they perceive things that humans are incapable of. For these people, children have a special sensitivity that connects them with another dimension. These theories explain why babies before the year are able to perceive these energies if they have not yet received many external influences.

- For many psychologists the explanation lies in the imagination and fantasy of children, who often do not know how to separate the unreal from the authentic. Their intention is not to lie or scare the adult, they create a world of ghosts, fairies or imaginary friends that helps them develop their emotions and creativity. It is the stage of magical thinking of children. So much so that they can relate how they saw Santa Claus flying through the sky or the Tooth Fairy going out to cross his room after leaving a gift.

Real world or imaginary world, there is no cause for alarm, normally these experiences subside by themselves when the child is between 7 or 8 years old. We only need to worry if the child becomes withdrawn, aggressive, or does not want to do his homework. At that time, it is advisable to consult a psychologist.

You can read more articles similar to Do children and babies have a sixth sense?, in the category of On-site Education.



Tasmania: services

Tasmania: services

Have you just had a new baby?

Child health centres
Child and family health nurses provide free health checks for children at key developmental ages between birth and 4 years. Nurses can also give you information and advice on a range of parenting and family issues. To make an appointment:

  • Phone: 1300 064 544 (cost of a local call)
  • Hours: 8:30am-5:00pm, Monday-Friday

Healthdirect Australia
This is a free telephone health information and advice service for people in the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, the Northern Territory, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia:

  • Phone: 1800 022 222 (free call)
  • Hours: 24 hours, 7 days a week

Australian Breastfeeding Association - Breastfeeding helpline
If you're breastfeeding and need help, trained volunteer counsellors can give you reassurance, information and advice about breastfeeding and overcoming common hurdles to breastfeeding:

  • Phone: 1800 MUM 2 MUM (1800 686 268, free call)
  • Hours: 24 hours, 7 days

Are you finding parenting harder than you thought?

The Parent Line
This is a telephone information and support service to assist parents and carers with stressful parenting issues and concerns:

  • Phone: 1300 808 178 (cost of a local call)
  • Hours: 24 hours, 7 days

Parenting centres
These centres offer intensive support for families having difficulties with children aged 0-4 years. The centres provide a day service that includes consultations with social workers, psychologists and child and family health nurses. For more information or to make an appointment:

  • Phone: 1300 064 544 (cost of a local call)
  • Hours: 8:30am-5:00pm, Monday-Friday

Do you need to find care for your child?

There are four options for child care in Australia:

  • home-based care, which is having your child cared for by a friend, relative or nanny in your home
  • family day care with a small group of children in an approved carer's home
  • centre-based care, in a child care centre with trained staff and a structured program
  • occasional care, which is short-term, centre-based care.

Child care is mainly designed for children aged up to five years, but can also include before-school, after-school and holiday care for primary school-age children.

MyChild
This Australian Government website has information about different types of child care and about government assistance to help with fees. You can search for child care services near you.

You can also get information from the Child Care Access Hotline:

  • Phone: 1800 670 305 (free call)
  • TTY: 133 677 then ask for 1800 670 305 (for hearing-impaired or speech-impaired callers)
  • Hours: 8 am-6 pm, Monday-Friday
You can read more in our articles on getting started with child care, child care types and child care costs and Australian Government assistance. You can also find out more about good-quality child care.

Do you want help finding playgroups?

Playgroups are a great way for small children to practise getting along with others and to try new ways to play. They're good for parents too, with lots of support and social contact in a relaxed, welcoming environment. For more information contact Playgroup Tasmania:

  • Phone: 1800 171 882 (free call)
  • Hours: 9:30 am-2:30 pm, Monday-Thursday

Is your child ready for kindergarten?

Children who are four years old on 1 January can begin kindergarten in that year. Kindergarten is taught in primary schools for 15 hours a week, and focuses on learning and socialising skills to help get your child ready for school. The Tasmanian school directory can help you find schools in your area.

You can read more information on starting kindergarten in Tasmania.

Are things worrying you at home and you want someone to talk to?

Relationships Australia - Tasmania
Relationships Australia offers counselling, education programs, mediation services and other help for families and couples:

  • Phone: 1300 364 277 (cost of a local call)
  • Hours: 9 am-5 pm, Monday-Friday

Does someone in your family have additional needs?

Tasmanian Department of Health and Human Services - Disability services
The Tasmanian Government delivers a range of services for people with disability, their families and carers. For more information and to get services, contact Gateway Services:

  • Phone: 1800 171 233 (free call)
  • Hours: 9 am-5 pm, Monday-Friday (except public holidays)

National Disability Insurance Scheme
The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) is a national scheme to support people with disability and their carers. It's being introduced gradually throughout Australia and will replace the current disability support system. In Tasmania, people of different ages will get access to the NDIS at different times. You can find out more about the NDIS in Tasmania.

Find more links to child and parent disability services.

Are you looking for parenting services in your state?

Infoxchange Service Seeker
This is a directory of community services in Australia. Search for 'parenting' to find parenting support and other services in your area.

Find more links to parent and family services.

Riddle: In a round castle

Riddle: In a round castle

GUESS THE EMOJI. 90% WILL FAIL TO ANSWER THIS SIMPLE CHALLENGE

The Montessori method or how we develop the child's ability to learn

An article by Bobu Victoria - kindergarten teacher 188 "Castel", sector 2, Bucharest

What is the Montessori method?

The Montessori method starts from the premise: the child comes to the world equipped with everything he needs to survive, and the role of the adult is to be the child's guide in this adventure of knowledge. The adult must observe and understand the child, be empathetic and allow him to make his own choices.

Maria Montessori he was talking about the concept of "absorbing mind" of the child, about genetic learning programs that allow the child, with extremely limited means and in a short time, to be able to practically learn alone, understand and speak the mother tongue no matter what. be that and whether or not this is what the adult is dealing with - which indicates that they absorb this information from the environment.

Maria Montessori thus demonstrates that this is a proof of the extraordinary abilities that the child has to learn to speak without anyone teaching him these skills and, in this way, he can learn the behavior, culture, habits, writing, reading, math in - individually and at their own pace.

According to Maria Montessori, the child is "a divine being, but not understood", and about their education she states that we should "not educate our children for today. This world will no longer exist when they are grown and nothing it does not allow us to know what their world will be like. Then we teach them how to adapt. "

The current trends of the reforms in the educational system confirm the ideas of Maria Montessori and make them applicable in practice by implementing the new curriculum.

Inspire your child's creativity and curiosity!

The escalation in debates about minimum standards, testing, evaluations and structural reforms removes the real-world teaching framework, treating education as something to be transmitted to children as empty containers that must be filled with notions, skills and competencies.

The Montessori method demonstrates that returning to the real purpose of education is not only an alternative, but is also a way of life, a way of thinking about the nature of human intelligence, a way to nurture and inspire creativity, curiosity, self-control, mastery of self, imagination, which transforms children's education into the most important task of the educator.

"The discovery of the treasures that lie hidden in the psychic universe of the first childhood" (M. Montessori - Absorbing mind) transforms education into an aid to life.

The Montessori method offers another way of organizing the didactic approach, thus trying to solve through these approaches the current problems that the Romanian education suffers: violence and disorder that arise when the environment poses obstacles to the child's natural psychic development, or when from the environment. there is no necessary stimuli in each period of growth.

Another problem that can be solved quickly by the Montessori method is fixed furniture, which is a tool for teaching children the spirit, because this method considers movement as essential for life, and education cannot be conceived as moderating or inhibiting the movement, but a help to efficiently expend energy and allow it to grow normally.

"Help me to be alone!"

In the book "Discovering the child" the author said: "Movement education occupies the first place, while the learning of practical things is only an external attraction, the apparent reason that stimulates a deep need for organization". The inclusion of all children, including children with special needs, is natural in the Montessori alternative, because each child works at his own pace and inclusion thus becomes a natural, normal process.

Montessori educational alternative aims to teach the child to think and act independently, in a manner responsible for the "help me I can alone" type.

The basic principles from which the Montessori method starts

Creating a more natural environment, similar to family life, stimulating, with specific materials to help the child's development, an environment in which children are allowed to learn what they need at their own pace, and children to feel the pleasure of learning , to spontaneously discover what they want to find out.

• Offering young children the freedom to look for solutions to their problems, without intervening and offering solutions. Thus, we offer them practically the opportunity to develop their learning skills, to solve problems at an early age, both cognitive and social, preparing them for lifelong learning and encouraging social development.

• Observation of the child acting in this environment, thus outlining its physical, mental, spiritual and emotional potential.

• The child and the learning are in the first place, the teaching and the curriculum in the second place. The role of the teacher is to know the development needs of each child, to provide them with an appropriate environment, the opportunity to develop to the maximum potential and the freedom to find solutions.

• The teacher must understand the child's need to resume an activity again, to recognize the need for his physical movement, to establish routines, to show respect for children, to offer by his own example a behavior of discipline and order in the activity with Montessori materials.

Materials for development

The specially designed materials for development are those that invite children to engage in the learning activity they choose, learning through discovery, with the help of materials, exercising and developing the ability to focus attention, intrinsic motivation, self-discipline and self-control. himself, getting used to the learning that will last all his life.

The activity of children with Montessori materials determines a special focus of attention - its polarization, and once the activity is completed the child has the expression of happiness, self-contentment that he has been able to "discover" a new truth.

M. Montessori remarks the following: "as in order to draw an exact circle it is necessary to fix a compass in the center, so in the development of the child the concentration is the essential point". The child is a being oriented towards growth and development, directed towards life, able to constructively use the genetic and transgenerational dowry with which he comes into this world.

Montessori values

In Montessori alternative, the child's personality and independence are respected, the natural laws of human spirit development are respected and the child's development is physically, intellectually, emotionally, spiritually.

Montessori pedagogy does not place the child in the center of attention, but on each child individually; the starting point is not the method of education, but this method is the consequence of assisting in the development of the psychological phenomena that remained unobserved and unknown.

The work of Maria Montessori, "Discovering the child", the child with its specific nature, made it possible to establish an education that would be tailored to each child and would effectively help the child. The child has the freedom to decide: what to learn, with whom to learn, where to learn, how long to learn according to the author's theses. In Montessori education the educator directs the energies of the children, never corrects, does not interfere in the work of the children, but observes to know what to do next.

The secret of any good teacher is to help children concentrate not on achieving performances appreciated by grades, but on developing a fundamental desire for learning, in perfect agreement with what Alvin Toffler points out - "tomorrow's illiterate will not be the one who he does not know how to read, but he will be the one who has not learned how to learn. "

Tags Children's intelligence Children's learning Method montessori

First Name - Meaning and direction

First Name - Meaning and direction


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