Cs crucial for children's emotional health

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Name Marc - Meaning and origin

Origin of first name:

Elders, Courts, French, Latins

Meaning of the name:

Latin Marcus, derived from the god of war Mars.
This name was very present in the Roman Empire, especially with the Emperor Marc-Aurèle. St. Mark was one of the four New Testament evangelists, a disciple of St. Peter, who saw the arrest of Christ on the Mount of Olives. He is the patron saint of the city of Venice.
Marc is celebrated on April 25th.
Its derivatives: Marcel, Marcus, Marco, Marcellus, Marciano.

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Cleopatra Stratan - still a record

Cleopatra Stratan - still a record
Tips for traveling to Vienna as a family

Museums, parks, palaces, a charming old town and lively cafes on the banks of the Danube River make Vienna a very interesting destination. It is also a city that takes families into account and provides many facilities for children.

Plan your trip with children to Vienna based on the time you are going to be in the Austrian capital. Check the country's holidays, take into account the documentation you will need for your trip and take note of the emergency numbers. With these tips your trip with children to Vienna will be perfect.

Weather in Vienna

The climate in Vienna is continental, cold winters with abundant rain and snow (-15ºC to 2ºC) and summers are mild, with a couple of quite hot months (22ºC to 35ºC). It is a fairly humid city. Everyone thinks that it is a cold country, but in summer it is quite hot, so bring cool clothes.

Vienna has a continental climate, with cold and wet winters but mild summers, with a couple of months quite hot.

Vienna is a fairly humid city where temperatures fluctuate between -15º and 2ºC between December and February. In July and August, on the contrary, mercury is usually between 22º and 35ºC.

What to pack to Vienna

An umbrella or a raincoat should never be missing on your trip to Vienna. Do not trust yourself and even if you go in summer, keep in mind that a downpour can fall at any time.

Obviously, the clothes will depend a lot on when you are going to travel. Check the weather forecast a few days before packing for Vienna and be proactive.

In addition to clothing - warm or light depending on the time of year - you will need comfortable shoes, and probably sunglasses or a visor.

Vienna business hours

The business hours of Vienna stores are from 09:00 to 18:00 from Monday to Friday and on Saturdays from 09:00 to 17:00.

As for banks, the usual opening hours are from Monday to Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 3:00 p.m., although usually one day a week they extend their hours until 5:30 p.m.

The currency of Austria

Austria is part of the European Union and its legal tender is the European currency: the euro (€).

The euro consists of 100 cents and comes in the form of coins and banknotes. The euro coins are: 1 cent, 2 cents, 5 cents, 10 cents, 20 cents, 50 cents, 1 euro and 2 euros.

The banknotes of the European currency are: 5 euros, 10 euros, 20 euros, 50 euros, 100 euros, 200 euros and 500 euros.

In practically all establishments in Vienna you can pay by credit card (Visa, MasterCard…). In the same way, you can withdraw money at ATMs scattered throughout the city. This will allow you to travel with less money on you.

Austrian language

The official language of Austria is German, but there are also other official languages ​​in certain Austrian areas. Thus, in Carinthia Slovenian is spoken and in Burgenland, Hungarian. In any case, the language spoken by the majority of the population is German.

If you don't speak German, you will be able to understand yourself perfectly in English, since the vast majority of Viennese speak it, including of course the workers who serve the public.

If you don't speak English either, you will need a little help for certain situations, but in many others, such as museums and hotels, you will be able to find explanations or people who will assist you in Spanish. In any case, it never hurts to learn a few words in German or English to say hello, thank you or make simple requests.

Plugs and electricity in Austria

Electric current in Austria is 220 volts, the common for most European countries. The type of plugs in the plugs is the same as that used in Spain: two rounded plugs.

Medical assistance and Police

As in the rest of Europe, with European health cards your whole family will have the right to medical care in Vienna.

Traveling with insurance that covers medical assistance does not hurt either in the case of a trip with children, especially if you are not a citizen residing in Europe.

If during your stay in Vienna you have any mishap, you can call the European telephone number 112 for medical emergencies or 1010 to contact the Police.

Documentation and visas to travel to Austria

Travelers residing in the European Union only need a valid ID to travel to Austria.

Non-EU citizens will need a valid passport. Information sheets on the legal provisions of the relevant country are available from the respective Austrian embassies for stays of less than 90 days.

Public holidays in Vienna

• New Year 1st of January.
• Epiphany: January 6
• Easter Monday: first Monday after Easter.
• Labor Day: May 1.
• Ascension: Thursday, 9 days before Palm Sunday.
• Pentecost Monday (variable date).
• Corpus Christi: second Thursday after Palm Sunday.
• Austrian national holiday: October 26.
• Feast of All Saints: November 1.
• Feast of the Immaculate Conception: December 8.
• Christmas is on the 25th of December.
• San Esteban: December 26th.

You can read more articles similar to Tips for traveling to Vienna as a family, in the category of Tourist Destinations on site.

Vienna Travel Tips and Places You Must Visit



Cookies or breakfast cereals intended for children usually have a big problem: sugar. Unfortunately, sugar increases the attractiveness of most of these products, making them irresistible for the children's palate, and, when such high amounts of sugar should only be consumed on special occasions - the minimum possible -, we are offering them to the little ones in the house of daily way. On our site we ask ourselves what to do to choose the healthiest biscuits for children's breakfast.

Breakfast is the meal that ends the fasting period to which we subject the body during the night. While this is important, it is not at all The most important meal of the day, but it is one that you have to take special care of and not skip.

After a night's rest (usually more than 10 hours in the case of children), the body's energy levels are at their minimum levels, so a healthy and balanced energy intake is necessary, without forgetting hydration, too to a minimum after spending so many hours without drinking water.

Among the options many parents choose are the cookies, that in a traditional way we can find in the breakfast aisles of supermarkets, accompanying other foods such as breakfast cereals.

There are other foods that are much more suitable for offer our children for breakfast, such as bread toast with oil or tomato, "natural" cereals without added sugar, leftovers from the previous day's dinner or a simple ham sandwich.

It is easy for the child to adapt to this new habit and eat something other than cookies or cereal. However, when we choose cookies for our children, we can be guided by a few simple tips to try to find the healthiest cookies of which we see on the display.

- Sugar
The ingredients of the cookies, as well as any other product, are listed on the label in order, depending on the amount that the cookie itself contains. Thus, the later the dreaded "sugar" appears, the less they contain. If the cookies have the sugar listed second, it's best to discard them and move on to examining another box.

- Carbohydrates
Cookies can be made with refined or whole grains. Preferably, we will choose those that contain whole grains, not only because they provide some micronutrient more than their refined counterparts, but because of the interesting contribution of fiber, a nutrient that is not always easy to provide in the children's diet.

- Chocolate
It is another of the great attractions of cookies and we must be careful because it can add even more sugar to it. When choosing cookies with chocolate, whether they are filled or with pieces of chocolate, such as the typical American cookies, we should avoid as far as possible those that contain white and milk chocolate, leaning towards those that contain dark chocolates. However, be careful and read the label carefully as this can be a double-edged sword, and even more sugar may have been added to counteract the bitterness of the high-cocoa chocolate.

You can read more articles similar to How To Choose The Healthiest Cookies For Kids' Breakfast, in the Infant Nutrition On-Site category.

Figure of Santa Claus with tweezers. Recycled crafts



Guérande Meaning, origin and definition

Guérande Meaning, origin and definition

Origin of first name:

Germanic

Meaning of the name:

From its Germanic origin, the name Guérande means "the one who governs".

Guérande is also a commune in western France, located in the Loire-Atlantique department.

Celebrities:

Currently, the name Guérande is not wore by any celebrity.

Guérande has for patron saint Géraud d'Aurillac, founder of the abbey of Aurillac and died in 909.

His character :

Equipped with a sense of communication developed enough, Guérande is a sociable man. He is extremely good at human contact, but also likes to preserve his secret garden. A friendly nature, he is affectionate and loves spending time with his family. Open-minded, he loves to share and receive, both professionally and privately.
With a virile and solid appearance, Guérande is also a sensitive person.
Full of determination, he always manages to achieve his goals. This great ambitious person loves more than anything to meet the challenges. Thanks to its tenacity, Guérande is an incredible efficiency in the professional field. He never gives up in the face of failures and shows great perseverance.
With a strong sense of friendship, Guérande is constantly present for his friends. He shows great availability and does not hesitate to sacrifice his happiness for the benefit of others. Not easily influenced, Guérande is master of himself. This man is very difficult to convince because of his determined side, but never limited.

Derivatives:

Gérard and Gérardin.

His party :

The party dedicated to people named Guérande is scheduled for October 13th.

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Speech and language problems: Ages 5 to 8

What to expect when

Children learn to talk at different speeds, so don't be surprised if your child isn't using the same vocabulary or expressions as playmates the same age. However, there are some general guidelines for typical speech and language development.

By age 5, your child should:

  • Pronounce all the sounds of speech (though sounds like l, s, r, v, z, ch, sh, and th might still be tricky).
  • Respond when asked, "What did you say?"
  • Name letters and numbers.
  • Use more than one verb in a sentence, such as, "I got my ball and played with Freddy."
  • Tell short stories.
  • Maintain a conversation.
  • Tailor the way she talks to suit different listeners and places, like using shorter sentences with younger kids or a louder voice when playing outside.

By the end of first grade, your child should:

  • Be easy to understand.
  • Ask and answer wh questions – who, what, when, where, and why.
  • Tell stories and talk about events in a logical order.
  • Use varied, complete sentences.
  • Use correct grammar most of the time.
  • Initiate and maintain conversations, taking turns speaking.
  • Give and follow directions with two and three steps.

By the end of second grade, your child also should:

  • Be able to explain words and ideas.
  • Use speech to inform, persuade, and engage with other people.
  • Use more complex sentences.
  • Take turns, stay on topic, and use eye contact during conversations.
  • Give and follow directions with three and four steps.

Some children still have trouble getting ideas across or have other language difficulties that might affect their ability to learn important new skills, such as reading and writing.

Mispronunciation

Some children still have minor pronunciation problems at this age. Here are a few common ones you might hear:

  • Your child might mix up words with multiple syllables, such as "manimal" for "animal," or "pasghetti" for "spaghetti."
  • Some kids still struggle with a few tricky consonant sounds. Your child may say a w or a y for an l ("yeg" instead of "leg") or use w for r ("wabbit" instead of "rabbit") or substitute an f for a th ("baf" instead of "bath"). Diane Paul, director of clinical issues in speech-language pathology for the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association says, "Some of these sounds may not be speech errors at all, but just differences in an accent or dialect."

What you can do: When your child stumbles over long words, resist the urge to correct his speech. Just model the right pronunciation when it's your turn to talk. So instead of saying, "It's spaghetti, not pasghetti!" you can say, "Yes, we're having spaghetti for dinner."

These minor pronunciation problems may not be cause for concern, and most children can say all speech sounds by age 7. However, don't wait and hope your child will outgrow speech sound errors. A speech-language pathologist can help and the earlier, the better.

Lisping

Your child may lisp or pronounce the s sound like a th, so that "My sister is seven" becomes "My thithter ith theven." Another common variation is to pronounce the z sound like a th, as in "thoo" for "zoo," and "eethee" for "easy."

What you can do: If your child still has a lisp by age 5, it's a good idea to make an appointment with a speech-language pathologist rather than continue waiting to see if your child outgrows it. The specialist will take a detailed history, check your child's mouth's structure and function, and get a speech and language sample to study. Often the problem can be resolved in a short time.

Also, make sure your child can breathe comfortably, and treat any allergy, cold, or sinus problems so your child can breathe through her nose with her lips together. An open-mouth breathing posture causes the tongue to lie flat and protrude. A stuffy nose is often the cause, so work on nose-blowing too.

Stuttering

Most people (adults and children alike) stutter from time to time, often when they're nervous or rushed. Examples of stuttering include:

  • Repeating part of a word, as in, "W-w-w-where are you going?"
  • Prolonging a sound, as in, "Ssssit down in the chair."
  • Inserting interjections and having difficulty completing a sentence, as in, "I want to – um, um, um, you know, um – go outside."

Most kids outgrow stuttering before age 5. But some kids continue to stutter, and the reason why is unclear. Sometimes stuttering grows more severe over time, or it may vary quite a bit from day to day.

It's a good idea to make an appointment with an ASHA-certified speech-language pathologist if your child stutters regularly. The speech-language pathologist will do an evaluation to determine whether your child's stutter is likely to continue and can work with your child on therapy that will lessen the severity of stuttering.

A speech-language pathologist also can help if you see tension in your child's jaw or cheeks, or if he looks away, clenches his fist from tension, blinks repeatedly, grimaces, or stomps his feet in frustration trying to get the words out.

What you can do: Be patient. Resist the urge to finish your child's sentences or fill in words for him. Suggestions like "relax" or "slow down" aren't really helpful and can make your child feel even more pressure to get his words out.

Keep giving your child your attention. You may feel like looking away while your child tries to talk to give him time to calm down and make it easier to speak, but that might actually make him feel more rushed or even ashamed.

Childhood apraxia of speech

Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a disorder of the nervous system that affects a child's ability to say sounds, syllables, and words. With CAS, the brain has trouble telling the lips, jaw, and tongue what to do in order to produce speech. A child with CAS knows what she wants to say but can't make the sounds come out correctly and consistently.

If your child has CAS she may do any of the following:

  • She makes inconsistent pronunciation errors that aren't due to her not knowing how to say the sounds yet.
  • She can understand language much better than she can speak.
  • She has trouble imitating speech, but her imitated speech is clearer than her spontaneous speech.
  • She appears to struggle when she tries to make sounds or coordinate her lips, tongue, and jaw to speak.
  • She has more trouble saying longer words and phrases than shorter ones.
  • She has more difficulty speaking when she's anxious.
  • She's hard to understand, especially for someone who doesn't know her.
  • Her speech sounds choppy or monotonous, or stresses the wrong syllable or word.

If your child shows signs of CAS, it's important to make an appointment with a speech-language pathologist as soon as possible. Most kids with CAS will need professional therapy to be able to speak clearly.

What you can do: Talk slowly but naturally. Let your child take her time when she tries to speak. Your child's speech-language pathologist may have more tips for you to try at home.

When to seek help

If you're worried about your child's speech and language development, give your child's doctor a call or make an appointment with an ASHA-certified speech-language pathologist. You may find you have nothing to worry about, but that's for a speech and language professional to determine. Also seek help if your child fits any of the following descriptions:

  • Your child rarely asks questions or often lets adults do most of the talking, speaks only in short phrases and sentences, or seldom adds additional information to a story.
  • Your child can't find the right word to express what he means – for instance, he may substitute words with related meanings ("cake" for "cupcake"), substitute words with similar sounds ("knob" for "knock"), or substitute visually related words ("clock" for "watch").
  • Your child talks around words ("something we eat on" for table) or frequently says "thing" or "stuff" instead of using specific words.
  • Your child uses long pauses between words and sentences.
  • Your child drools when he mispronounces words or has difficulty eating or swallowing. (If this is the case, talk with his doctor.)
  • Your child has trouble pronouncing many sounds or has trouble expressing himself. This could lead to reading, writing, and spelling difficulties if the problem isn't addressed.

In addition, if you have any concern that your child may have a speech or language delay due to a hearing loss, call his doctor, ask for a hearing evaluation by an audiologist at his school, or make an appointment with an ASHA-certified audiologist.

Learn more

This article was reviewed by Diane Paul, director of clinical issues in speech-language-pathology for the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

Visit the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's website for more information or to find an ASHA-certified speech-language pathologist near you.

Living with Speech Apraxia

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