Trauma: supporting your child in the days and weeks after

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What should a one-year-old child's diet look like?

The diet of a one-year-old child, although it is already significantly expanded, will be even more varied from day to day and similar to the menu of older children. Contrary to appearances, proper balancing and adapting it to the child's age and preferences is not a simple task, which is why we come here with a little help. Today we will present the most important diet planning rules for the one-year-old toddler, on the basis of which every parent will be able to develop a healthy and appropriate menu for their child.

Yearling menu - the most important rules

The one-year-old child is usually quite mobile and more and more independent, and his organism in a period of intensive growth and development needs to provide adequate energy resources. The main rule of the yearling's diet is to give him 5 meals a day, which will be properly balanced in caloric, nutritional and mineral terms.

The menu should be expanded gradually, it is best to introduce new products in turn, not several at a time. In this way, the child will have a chance to get used to previously unknown flavors and textures of products, and the parent will be able to react in time in the event of an allergic reaction, e.g. rash.

An important aspect is also regular meals and adjusting their size to the small volume of a baby's tummy. In this way, a healthy habit of eating regularly will be slowly formed, without overeating, which in the future may protect the child from eating disorders.

What is the energy requirement of a yearling?

For a child's diet to be appropriate for him, he must be well-balanced in terms of energy and building materials. The basic caloric demand assumes delivery 100 kcal per 1 kg of child's body weight per day (up to 2 years old).

In terms of composition, meals should include:

  • 3 g protein per 1 kg body weight daily (contained e.g. in eggs, meat and fish)
  • 3.6 g fat per 1 kg body weight daily (available in good quality oils, butter)
  • 14 g carbohydrates per 1 kg body weight per day (found in cereal, fruit and vegetables).

In addition to proper nutritional balance, it is also extremely important to provide minerals and vitamins, which should be discussed with your pediatrician or family doctor.

Annual toddler's diet - what to remember?

It is worth to help the toddler's menu not only be well-balanced, but also varied, both in composition and consistency. A varied diet in both these aspects stimulates the development of all senses and familiarizes children with trying new things.

The annual baby's menu should contain products from five main groups: protein products, cereal products, vegetables, fruit and fat products. They are usually delivered in the form of 5 meals: 3 main and 2 complementary.

Of course, he can also join this composition breastfeeding which absolutely does not lose its relevance after the child reaches the age of 1. Milk, not only motherly, is an excellent source of calcium - the building blocks of teeth and bones, and dairy products such as yogurt or cottage cheese are rich in proteins easily absorbed by the young body, necessary for its proper growth and development. Currently, it is recommended to supplement the diet with small amounts of modified milk (it is a source of vitamin D and polyunsaturated fatty acids omega 3) - 2 servings of 200 ml and 1 serving of other dairy products.

It is also worth developing a habit from a young age adequate watering and drinking. The one-year-old toddler needs about 1300-1400 ml of hydration, which is why, in addition to liquid or semi-liquid dishes or milk, it should be properly fortified. The best here is clean water, filtered and boiled, which is a much healthier alternative to sweet juices or carbonated drinks.

What should not be included in the diet of a one-year-old child?

We should remember to build a menu based on healthy, preferably unprocessed or low processed products, out of concern for the child's future life and proper development. So let's avoid canned products, all kinds of powdered dishes, carbonated sweet drinks, but also dishes from our own menu. Although at first glance they may seem appropriate for such a little boy, the method of their preparation and used spices may unfortunately harm him. It is also good to avoid salty and sugared products, as well as those containing artificial colors and flavor enhancers.

The one-year-old toddler has a completely different demand for nutrients and minerals than an adult, which is why his diet should be properly balanced so as to fully meet the needs of a rapidly growing and intensively growing body during this period. Although it is not an easy task, the effort put by parents in healthy eating from such a young age will certainly pay off in the future.

Gypsum in a child and what's next?

Gypsum in a child and what's next?

Danger of putting amber necklaces on babies for tooth pain

You may have seen them on social networks, since many celebrities have tried to use them with their children. Amber jewelry has become fashionable for its supposed effects to reduce the pain of the teeth of the little ones. However, there are several experts who speak about the danger of putting amber necklaces on babies.

Sadly, on more than one occasion we have been able to read media headlines from all over the world telling that a child has died when using one of these accessories. An 18-month-old baby who was accidentally strangled during a nap; another of 7 who swallowed one of the pieces that make up the necklace and had to be rushed to the hospital ...

That is why the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has advised against the use of teething necklaces in children. Faced with the increasing use of these accessories to, supposedly, soothe the pain that teeth come out in children, the FDA has issued a statement warning that they can result a baby safety hazard. It refers to both amber, wooden, silicone or ivory necklaces, as well as other products such as sensory stimulation bracelets. And it is that this type of jewelry is also used to stimulate children or adults with autism or ADHD.

According to this body, these necklaces are a risk because can cause injury, accidental strangulation, or suffocation, which can cause the death of the child. On the one hand, it must be taken into account that the necklace can break, even if it is made of very resistant materials, and the small beads or balls of which it is made could be within reach of the baby. These could cause you to choke by getting stuck in your small throat.

However, the collar could also cause strangulation of the baby while playing or sleeping, since in a bad movement it could become entangled with the cord. The FDA also warns that there could be infections in the mouth in the event that the child sucks on the collar without being clean.

On the other hand, the agency adds that the effectiveness of this type of necklaces has not been proven, so it cannot be guaranteed that they help to calm the tooth pain of babies. Instead of using this type of product, other types of relief are recommended, such as gum massages or semi-firm rubber teethers (always taking extreme hygiene measures).

If your child's gums hurt a lot or the teeth are turning into a real nightmare, we recommend that you take him to the pediatrician's office to recommend the best way to relieve your baby.

This amber necklace is not the only product that doctors have advised against for the little ones. Without the intention of being alarmist, it never hurts that parents inform ourselves well to avoid risks. These are some products that you should avoid with your little ones.

1. Toys that are not approved
Never offer your children toys that are not approved by an official body that has been in charge of studying whether it is a safe object for a baby. They may contain pieces that are easily detached or broken that your child could swallow.

2. The pillows
Experts advise against the use of pillows with babies, as well as cushions or stuffed animals that are placed in the crib while the child sleeps. These could fall on their head at some point in the night (or the child himself could move) and prevent them from breathing well. You also have to be careful with crib bumpers, since the little ones could get tangled in their cords.

3. Gate jumpers
Babies love those jump swings that are placed in the doorframe and we parents love to see them laugh and have fun. However, the baby could be injured if he is not well anchored or when he bumps in one of the jumps.

4. Toys for cars
So that they do not bother us during trips or trips by car, many parents give different toys to children. However, in case of accidents, these could become a dangerous weapon for the baby himself and for the rest of the passengers in the car, since he could be thrown in any direction.

When it comes to our babies, all measures of protection are little.

You can read more articles similar to Danger of putting amber necklaces on babies for tooth pain, in the On-Site Dental Care category.

Sisters do my Makeup Evil Queen

The child is aggressive in kindergarten, how do you react?

The child is aggressive in kindergarten, how do you react?

Kindergarten is a new space for children, which I do not know how to control very well. It represents the moment of separation from parents, which can trigger an avalanche of feelings and feelings. When children are angry, sad or angry and do not know how to express themselves differently, they use aggression. So, at some point it is possible to be called from the ranks and to be told that your little one has hit someone. How do you react?

Aggression in young children, why does it occur?

Aggression does not have the meaning of the classic definition in the case of young children. It is not an intentional or bad growth act. Aggression is the best channel of communication for the little ones who do not have or do not know other ways of manifesting the states they live.

They convey these behavioral experiences.

Do not think that your little one is aggressive only when he is angry, angry or when a child in kindergarten refuses to give him a toy. It can be a manifestation of sadness and sorrow, but also of joy. He can convey to a child that he likes to spend time with him and that he feels good around them, hitting him or biting him.

What should parents do?

Generally, parents feel embarrassed and bow their heads in front of educators and other parents when the child is outraged about his behavior. On the contrary, say psychologists, parents should not feel ashamed, but should help the child to express himself properly and not be aggressive.

At preschool age, children send messages more by behavior than by words. They should be helped by parents to learn how to express themselves emotionally in such situations, without using aggression to convey something.

What can be hidden behind the aggression of the child?

  • physical or emotional overload (overloaded program, intense courses, too many demands, etc.);

  • problems in kindergarten (with the educator, with the group of children);

  • a change in his life (moving, the appearance of a brother, etc.);

  • emotional trauma (death of a member, physical aggression, etc.);

  • exposure to violent films and shows.

How do you react when your child is aggressive in kindergarten?

Don't yell at him, don't quarrel with him and under no circumstances hit him!

You will not solve anything! The child may not even understand why it is contested, because beating his colleague has shown just how much he loves her. Keep in mind that you do not intentionally or even in the form of emotional blackmail, to step on the nerves of parents or educators.

One of the potential causes of his behavior may be that you have a temperamental thread and genetically transmitted it to the little one. You cannot dispute it for its genetic inheritance, but rather you can correct it.

Talk to him about this experience and his feelings!

After hitting a child, take him away, let him calm down, speak calmly and ask him in a friendly tone why he did this, what caused him to act like that. Ask him what he feels about what he did, what he felt when he acted aggressively on the child. This inspection of the child's feelings helps you to find out the underlying cause of the behavior, to know how to teach him behavioral alternatives in such situations.

Teach him to verbally communicate his feelings and give up aggressive behavior!

Since he is very young and does not have the developed language at all, it is good to talk to your little one about feelings, feelings, etc. In the period when language is already beginning to develop, this communication becomes essential. The affective expression of the child is learned, and you are the one who can help him. If he tells you that he has enjoyed his colleague's company and that is why he has pulled his hair, you must explain to him that when he feels that he is happy with someone's company, he must verbally tell him "How happy I am to play together! I am happy every time we meet. I like to play and talk etc. ". He uses simple words, but one that expresses his state.

For example, in anger, when he is upset that a child has taken his toy, tell him that he has to talk to his little friend about this topic and that this is a much better way to get his toy back faster. Tell them to tell them that "I'm upset and sad that you took my toy; it's not nice what you did; when you want a toy from me you have to ask me for it."

Be persevering and always repeat these alternative methods of reaction!

Do not expect your little one to come in as soon as you want to say when you teach him how to speak, but you must be persevering and repeat them many times if necessary. He will probably hit the kids for a while, despite your teaching, but you have to keep calm and take it back even if it is the third time. Children need to be told things in order to retain them and especially to associate them with meaning. The more you talk to him and explain to him how to act, the sooner he will understand and realize that he is not reacting properly by hitting another colleague from the ranks.

Teach him to apologize!

Because you explained in detail that the way he reacted is not appropriate and is inappropriate it is important to teach him what the purpose of the apology is. Tell him that when he understands that he was wrong - and remind him that you have just explained that he did not do well by pinching his colleague because when he feels angry he has to talk about it - it is important to Say sorry to your coworker for what he did.

Tags Aggressive child kindergarten Child aggression kindergarten children Parent reactions aggressive child Emotions children Communication children

Your toddler will be born or is already there and you want to give it the best of yourself, the best food? Do you dream of breastfeeding with tenderness? How to be sure to succeed in this unforgettable experience?

1. Breast-feeding, should I be helped?

  • Breastfeeding takes a few days or even weeks of adaptation, for you and your baby. It is therefore important to be supported and informed from the beginning if you want everything to go well and your toddler sucks enough milk.
  • For your delivery, choose a place where the conditions for breastfeeding will be favorable. For example, hospitals that carry the international label "Friend of babies", still few, pledge to support you.
  • Associations that offer hotlines and moms meetings for breastfeeding are also there to guide you.

2. Do you need big breasts to breastfeed?

  • Lactation does not depend on the size of the breasts, but on the baby's appetite ... It is he, while nursing, which stimulates your production: the more your toddler sucks, the more milk you will have !

3. Does breastfeeding require a special diet?

  • You can eat everything without restriction. And, of course, it is recommended to drink a lot, especially water.
  • Tea, coffee, cauliflower and citrus fruits are allowed in case of breastfeeding, but it is important to stay tuned for your baby If you have a stomach ache or if it seems agitated, reduce your consumption of these products.

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    Your 6 1/4-year-old: Getting good rest

    Your 6 1/4-year-old: Getting good rest

    Your 6-year-old now

    You may notice your child going to bed earlier than previously or seeming to "lose it" before bedtime. A full day of school can cause even the most active 6-year-old to tire by day's end.

    Kids this age still need ten to 12 hours of sleep a night. Sufficient rest can have a huge impact on his behavior and performance at school. So even if he's protesting his early bedtime ("Nobody else in my class goes to bed at 8"), stay resolute.

    Keep up your familiar bedtime routine from his younger days. Time to unwind is crucial. That means 30 to 45 minutes of bath time, reading together, calming music, or a chat. Many parents find they get their best information – even from usually reticent children – at this magical, sleepy hour.

    Your life now

    A simple way to make mornings go more smoothly is to institute a nightly backpack check. Make sure your child is ready for the next day by looking through his pack together when he comes home from school or before bed. Take out any papers and sort those that need to be signed or returned. Fish out dirty clothes or socks, yesterday's show-and-tell items, stray rocks, or other things that have found their way into the pack. Make sure that any homework has been completed and returned to the pack.

    By organizing his pack together, it may eventually become a habit for your child even without your reminders. But don't count on this happening any time soon. While some kids are eager to keep things orderly and ready to go, many first graders are simply oblivious. Knowing which type you're sending off to school each day will give you a good idea how closely you need to monitor this process.

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    Sleep Meditation for Kids. SLEEP and RELAXATION 4in1. Sleep Story for Children

    Frozen greens were called back

    Due to its high cadmium content, METRO has withdrawn Chef Parajlev. Cadmium has a potent effect. The product recall process is monitored by Nebih.

    Frozen nuts have been withdrawn from the marketMetro withdrew due to high cadmium content Chef Parajlev termйkйt. Nebih, according to the Bulgarian authorities, also reported the case through the RASFF. The chain of custody is responsible for the food item concerned immediately withdrew from the market, advertised his actions on the posters posted in his shops, and reported on the effectiveness. The product recall process is monitored by Nebih.


    Identification of the product:

    • Product Name: METRO Chef Parajlevél
    • Packaging: 2.5 kg
    • The product serial number is L17349-LN04
    • Manufactured on: 15.12.2017
    • Quality preservation time: 15.12.2019
    • Vonalkуd: 4337182017653
    • Name of the company: Pasfrost (Belgium)
    • RASFF Reference Number: 2018.1217
    According to your company announcement the products may be returned to the place of purchase, where the refund will be returned. Other markings in the recall did not affect the frozen nipple marketed in the store chain.

    What is Cadmium?

    Cadmium is an environmental pollutant that is almost ubiquitous in nature. Its compounds are highly poisonous. It is proven to be carcinogenic in the body, primarily in the liver and kidneys. May be liberated from food contact materials, improperly made materials, utensils, utensils and may not be present in small quantities.

    Space Between Us, The

    Space Between Us, The
    Homemade bread without kneading

    Homemade bread without kneading is a spectacular recipe that helps you get a fluffy preparation in the middle, but with a crisp and delicious crust. If you want to get rid of the effort to knead the bread dough for a long time, this is the ideal recipe for a tasty, home-made bread!

    Preparation time

    60 min. + 14 hours




    500 g flour

    25 g yeast

    2 teaspoons of sugar

    3-4 tablespoons olive oil

    1 1/2 teaspoons salt

    350 ml hot water (not hot)

    Method of preparation

    Sift flour and mix well with salt. Mix the yeast with the sugar in a bowl, then pour 100 ml of hot water and leave the mixture for about 10 minutes. In the middle of the flour, add the oil, the yeast and the rest of the hot water. Gently mix, from the outside to the inside, until all the ingredients are well incorporated.

    Bake the dough obtained in the refrigerator, covered, for 12-14 hours. Remove the dough from the refrigerator, knead it a little, then put it in a tray previously covered with baking paper and place it in the oven. It is important that the used tray be fitted with a lid.

    The first 25 minutes, the bread is kept in the oven with lid, and in the last 10-15 minutes, without lid, to brown.

    Bread recipes tags

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