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Empathy in children with autism

Empathy in children with autism

People, in general, have the ability to attribute emotions, intentions, desires, thoughts or states of knowledge to other people automatically. Furthermore, we are aware that our thinking they are different from others. We use this information to interpret what they say, think and anticipate their actions and make sense of their behaviour. This ability leads to the internal representation of the mental states of others.

How do we master this skill? By putting ourselves in the place of other people we can understand what they do or say and understand what leads them to carry out certain actions, but what happens when we are not able to put ourselves in the place of the other? We explain the empathy in children with autism.

People with autism have difficulty putting themselves in the place of the other and do not develop this ability automatically. They fail to differentiate what is inside their mind and what is in the minds of others. What happens when we are unable to put ourselves in the place of the other? Well, their behaviors are unexpected and unpredictable, they don't make sense and they are very difficult to understand. We do not know what to expect from interactions with others or from their intentions. Everything is inexplicable and unpredictable.

This deficit of people with autism explains many of the difficulties they have in the social area:

1- Understand the emotions of others and therefore have practically no empathic reactions.

2- Realize the intentions of others and understand the reasons that guide them.

3- Understand how their reactions or comments will affect others. They will also have specific difficulties in predicting what others will think of their behaviors. If we have the ability to put ourselves in the shoes of others, we will know that there are certain things or comments that we cannot say directly because they could upset others, or we are aware that we have said something inappropriate because we can 'read' the emotional responses of others. subjects of our environment, among other things.

4- Understand deception, irony or sarcasm.

5- Understand the degree of interest that your interlocutor has on your topic of conversation.

6- Understand the rules of conversation such as speaking turns or following the topic that is raised in the interaction.

Children in order to use the Theory of Mind have to develop two aspects:

- The child must understand that people govern their behavior through beliefs and desires. You have to understand that beliefs do not have to be true and wishes are often not fulfilled.

- The child has to understand that behaviors are governed by subjective evaluations of reality. That way you will understand that what you believe is sometimes false and you can reason from it.

From 4-5 years, children reach an ability to put yourself in the shoes of others but this does not mean that it is passive competition. This ability influences the development of other skills such as empathy.

When a child begins to understand the beliefs and desires of others, it is when he can put himself in an appropriate way in the shoes of another.

You can read more articles similar to Empathy in children with autism, in the Autism category on site.

Teaching Empathy to Children: Tips from MomDocs

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Khadidja Meaning - Origin

Origin of first name:


Meaning of the name:

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In the Arabic language, Khadija means "early".


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Khadidja Benguenna, Algerian journalist.

Khadidja, first wife of Muhammad the Prophet, also called "Mother of all Muslims". Very rich and influential before, she offered all her business to Muhammad and also gave him four daughters: Rokaya, Umm Kulthum, Fatima and Zayneb.

His character :

Lively, dynamic and spontaneous, Khadija has a natural authority. She is intelligent and, aware of her descent from others, she seeks power. From the outset impressive, she is generous and welcoming. Open and communicative, she loves to share and exchange.


Kadia, Kadidia, Kady, Khedidja and Khady.

His party :

No party is attributed to the Khadija.

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4 worst dietary supplements for children

Dietary supplements for children are flooding the market, whose value is currently estimated at PLN 4 billion.

We have a lot of preparations in pharmacies in pharmacies syrups, tablets, jellies, most of them are dedicated to the youngest.

Parents-clients-patients are to convince optimistic slogans, beautiful promises and visions of a quick solution to an "imaginary" or real problem, while children are supposed to hypnotize colorful packaging and add sweet taste.

Unfortunately, many products that can now be bought for a dozen or several dozen zlotys are not worth a broken zloty. Here is the subjective ranking of the worst dietary supplements for children.

Apetizer, that is, let him eat dinner

The simplest and safest way to support a child in healthy eating? A method as old as the world - daily dose of exercise, especially in the fresh air, regular meals, without snacking, maximum reduction of sugar in the diet.

And when it does not help?

If a child grows up, has the right weight and the parent has nothing but a "too low appetite", it means one thing - you should let it go.

A healthy child eats as much as he needs.

However, if the toddler's condition is not the best - the child is not growing, he is very thin (which can also be assessed on the centile grid), is listless, lethargic, irritable, it is necessary to consult a doctor, because the cause can be serious and it should be found as soon as possible. The reason may be food intolerance or other rarer diseases for which Apetizer will not help.

A dot above and which proves that it is really not worth buying this type of syrup?

The composition of this specificity. That's him:

water, sugar, potassium sorbate (preservative), L-ascorbic acid, anise fruit extract, chicory root extract, dry peppermint water extract, xanthan gum (thickener), fennel fruit powder, grapefruit fruit extract , nicotinic acid amide, calcium D-pantothenate, pyridoxine hydrochloride, thiamine mononitrate, riboflavin, pteroylmonoglutamic acid, D-biotin, cyanocobalamin.

Of course, Apetizer contains important vitamins and herbs, but above all it has ingredients sugar in various forms.

Is this how Apetizer is supposed to improve appetite? Loading sugar into our children, which is too much in the diet anyway?

Even if it works and Apetizer increases your appetite, it is worth remembering that there are better, more effective ways that you can use without side effects and without spending a single zloty.

Growth to help a child grow

When I was a child and then a teenager, my peers just grew up.

Some were quicker, others slower, there were also those who were clearly shorter than their classmates for a long time, and then it is not known when they broke up, surprising everyone with their pace of growth. It was also the opposite - very often the short remained one of the lower and could not count on spectacular changes - just such genes.

Today, producers send a clear message to the parent: you can fool nature. They are based on fears and fuel the hope that genes can be changed, that what is stored in our bodies can be influenced- namely, you can force your child's body to grow faster. After all, there is a "brilliant" specifics on the market that raises all problems ... Short boys are growing rapidly.

When watching an advertisement, it is not known whether to laugh or cry.

See how it works ... How sad, because the methods of communication are primitive. At the beginning we see gray, depressing colors, an accurate blow to the "depressed mood of a short boy" and a quick solution that changes the colors of the message. The mother-heroine giving the child a syrup changes his future ...

How can you believe that?

Well, it turns out that you can. Because Growan is on the market, he is doing well, someone is buying it ...

Well, let's look at the composition:

  • calcium 200mg
  • phosphorus 105mg
  • vitamin D3 3.75 micrograms
  • Bamboo shoot extract, standardized for silicon content 10mg

Vitamin D3 - great, it should be supplemented because the body is not able to produce enough, especially during the autumn and winter (read more). However, calcium administration (which is the most in this product) without vitamin K2 supplementation may not be a good idea, as Jerzy Zięba mentions and extensively explains in his book (more on this topic).

However, let's leave it - are the above-mentioned ingredients able to significantly accelerate the growth of a child?

I have serious doubts. Anyway, it's not just me ...

The message with which the Growan appeared on the market has been ridiculed many times. Unfortunately, the product has not disappeared from the shelves in pharmacies.

Junical Teeth, vitamins, permanent teeth

Dandelions fell out?

Therefore, we reach for Junical Teeth, a preparation that "has a positive effect on the mineralization and maintenance of healthy teeth". The preparation is dedicated to children over 6 years of age - we take one tablet in the morning and evening. What do we have in the composition? Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin D and fluoride.

Why take care of the right baby menu? If there are such "super-tablets".

Manufacturers know that it's easier to give ... than to think. Being comfortable becomes the norm ...

Lutein Gold junior, so that long TV viewing is not a problem

Studies have shown that as many as 40% of parents turn on the television every day and leave the child in front of the screen for hours. Remorse that this way the toddler will spoil his eyesight? Oh, why bother with them.

No way, there is Lutein Gold - "powder to dissolve in water, allowing you to create a tasty drink." This baby supplement has all the most important vitamins and lutein that meets the needs of children from the age of 7.

Was the problem and remorse that the child was watching too much TV?

The manufacturer solved it.

No problem either! Truth?

Unnecessary dietary supplements for children?

Wise doctors have no illusions - supplementation is indicated, but cautious and preferably after tests that show deficiencies.

Then all you have to do is reach for simple one-ingredient products (vitamin D, vitamin C during periods of increased illness, etc.), and not as the producers want - colored syrups.

Giving dietary supplements just in case, preventively is a mistake - first of all, it should be noted that they are not free from unnecessary additives. They contain a lot of sugar. In addition, the child's body, and especially the immune system is just developing, providing him with too many synthetic nutrients interferes with his development. First of all, you should ensure a good and varied diet. However, it's not as easy as giving a syrup ... and supplement manufacturers know it and have their parents in their grip.

Holidays and days that surround them are not the best time for parents of young children. Not everyone has time off, you need to provide care for a few-year-old, groups and kindergarten declarations in the kindergartens who and when will bring the child. All to ensure the right number of staff. By the way, you can learn the truth about how parents, some kindergarten teachers perceive us.

Magdalena writes in a group created for kindergarten teachers: "I already work so much with children, and my parents still surprise me.
I am asking my mother today whether she will bring her daughter to kindergarten on May 2 and 4, and she will say:
Well of course!!!! I have to sit with her at home all week ???? (original spelling). Karolina adds: "I once heard:" Yes, because they will take my whole house away ". In turn, Sylwia's statement leaves no doubt: "A whole week with your own child? NEVER !!! There was also the text: "I can't deal with them at home, I will send it to kindergarten."

How is it? Children bother us? Do we do everything to get rid of them? Or maybe we're just so tired that we need a break. Do others have the right to evaluate our decisions? Should preschool teachers do this?

source: //www.facebook.com/groups/228452263902569/permalink/1635495923198189/

When my mother is not working ...

It can be said that the situation is different when both parents work and one does not go to work. Not everyone can afford a vacation during the so-called long weekends. Not always because of the fact that "bad" has free time, but often because the boss does not grant leave during a given period, because it is usually a particularly busy time in the industry.

Then what?

A problem appears. You can drive children to grandma. What is not always easy, it happens that grandmothers work alone, live far away, for various reasons do not want or can not take care of grandchildren. Another option? This is of course employing a babysitter. In combination with going to kindergarten on days when the facility is open, it is possible. However, it generates costs ...

What if the mother does not work professionally and can leave the children at home during the so-called long weekends and intertwining working days and does not want it at all? Apparently this is a very common phenomenon.

Magda, a kindergarten teacher: "It was usually so on my days off that parents who did not work brought children, and those who worked left their children at home ..."

When a child disturbs us ... Unpleasant reality

Natalia, a kindergarten teacher, writes in the same thread on the forum: "We have a mother of a child who, when he falls asleep in sunbathing for a few minutes, makes us an affair. Because when I pick up my son at 15 from kindergarten, he won't fall asleep at 17. "

"As for me, nothing new. Some people could bring it on weekends, too. "Agata

"I'm just wondering why children, if a parent with him can not stand the whole week ... feel sorry for the child only. "Ania

"I heard the question hopefully in my voice whether the kindergarten is open on Easter Monday." Kasia

"You are so happy that the weekend is the worst two days a week for me", "How do you not work in Corpus Christi ?! I'm going to the management with this. ”Monika

"Parents assume that" he is having fun in kindergarten so let him go, and I will go shopping and cleaning "- comments Anna. It further indicates that this is not quite the case. Because the child left on the day when the groups are joined "roars", refuses to enter the room, refuses to cooperate ... Toddlers react badly to changes resulting from being in another room, with a lady who does not look after them on a daily basis. Meanwhile, many parents escort children to the facility with the feeling that the toddler will spend a nice time there. Apparently this is not always the case ...

Paula, in turn, draws attention to her parents' working time. He writes about the fact that he understands parents working from morning to 16 and their problem with picking up children before 17. It is known, you need to get to kindergarten, there are traffic jams, bus delays. He emphasizes, however, that he knows the cases of mothers "sitting at home" who bring a child at 7 and pick up at 17, regardless of the child's condition, every runny nose or cough is explained by an allergy. She asks - how is it possible that one mother is able to go to the doctor after a hard night at work, and other mothers sitting at home "push" the child to kindergarten by force, and explain any deterioration in health by allergy.

Marta commented on the argument of kindergarten teachers. There were more voices in a similar tone:

"Jesus Mary, I am shocked how teachers are able to complain. Ride on these parents. Smokes some less brilliant text one after the other and already dozens of answers, what interesting someone burned in others. Teachers, and evaluate as bribes, which always know better than parents how to raise their child. I sometimes suggest a little more respect for a parent, even if the parent sometimes doesn't sin by himself. "

What do you think about it? There is no doubt that every parent has the right to send a child to kindergarten on open days. Staff should not evaluate these decisions. On the other hand, however simply saying that your own child is unbearable, you can't stand it, it's terribly unpleasant. Because if mom or dad can't control their daughter or son, why do they require that from teachers?

There is another aspect to the problem. When do working parents have a chance to relax, when the so-called grandmother's institution fails? As parents, are we not allowed to rest without children? Is relaxation in loneliness and silence worth damning? And an even more painful issue - wouldn't the solution be to extend the opening hours of kindergartens because of the modern way of life? In some cities, attempts were made to even introduce the option of 24-hour care. Would it really be good for our children?

Judging is easy. Understanding the needs much more difficult .... And all parties - parents, teachers ... and children. Because we are after the good of the latter. Truth?

Would the place in the siblings play a role in the development of the children's personality? You may have noticed that your younger brother does not behave like your eldest.

At each rank, its advantages and disadvantages

  • The only child: For him no need to share! Yet the absence of fraternal rivalry is not that bad. The only child does not always have the same weapons to start social relationships outside the family.
  • Elder: Not easy to be the first born! He is often the most invested child of parental projections, which may tend to weigh him. They are often very responsible, perfectionist children who put pressure on themselves and who have difficulty with failure.
  • The youngest: The second child of a sibling must win his place in a kingdom ruled by an omniscient elder! This gives him the taste of conquest and often makes cadets, children pugnacious temperament even revolutionary. Danton and Lenin were, it seems, cadets.
  • The third or youngest if he is the last child of the siblings: The youngest one gets all the votes and indulgences of all kinds, and especially those seniors who laugh at the least of his antics! They are often funny, demonstrative and very comfortable children. But it differs if he remains the youngest or if other children grow siblings after him.
  • Remember each child's peculiarity will help him gain confidence and find his place in the siblings.

Frédérique Odasso

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