Together in an emergency

Together in an emergency

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Biogenis: The first Romanian child treated with mesenchymal stem cells from the umbilical cord
Madeleines with honey (potoczny)

Christopher Robin


Christopher Robin begins with a young Christopher Robin (Orton O'Brien) leaving for boarding school and sadly saying goodbye to his Hundred Acre Wood friends.

As an adult, Christopher (Ewan McGregor) meets and marries Evelyn (Hayley Atwell). He must leave to fight in the war, however, and doesn't meet his daughter Madeline (Bronte Carmichael) for some years. When he returns home after the war, he starts to work for the Winslow Luggage Company. The economy is very poor, and the Winslows are looking at ways to save money. Christopher Robin is overcome by the pressures of work and finds little time to spend with his family. While pondering how to cut costs, Christopher unexpectedly meets his old friend Winnie the Pooh (voice of Jim Cummings) in a London park.

Christopher Robin can't understand how Winnie the Pooh has found his way to London but realises he must take him back to the Hundred Acre Wood. He's sad to find the Wood rather desolate and all of his old friends nowhere to be seen. He eventually discovers them hiding from the heffalumps. Christopher Robin must save them from their fears and at the same time save himself from the dull person he has become.


Childhood and adulthood; play and fun; war


Christopher Robin has some violence. For example:

  • At boarding school, a teacher slams a cane down on Christopher Robin's desk.
  • There is a brief war scene in which an explosion blows up some buildings, setting them on fire. Soldiers are hurt by the explosion and fall to the ground.
  • Christopher Robin gets angry with Winnie the Pooh and yells at him.
  • Christopher Robin has a fight with imaginary heffalumps, attacking them with his umbrella and spearing them with a broken weather vane.
  • Madeline gets upset and knocks everything off her desk.
  • A taxi driver crashes his cab into a shopfront.
  • The Hundred Acre Wood animals are all in a suitcase on the back of a truck where they get bounced around. The suitcase falls off the truck and is dragged along behind it with the animals inside. They crash into objects along the way. The truck crashes into a pole and the animals fly out of the suitcase and land on the windscreen of the car being driven by Evelyn and Christopher Robin.

Slapstick and comical violence includes the following:

  • Winnie the Pooh falls down the stairs.
  • A phonograph speaker falls on Winnie the Pooh's head, and Christopher Robin has to shake him out of it.
  • Winnie the Pooh creates a huge mess in the kitchen and makes the shelves crash down, breaking everything on them.
  • Winnie the Pooh accidentally knocks a man down.
  • Eeyore is catapulted off a roof and lands with his head in a bucket.
  • Winnie the Pooh, Eeyore, Piglet and Tigger all fall down an embankment.

Sexual references

Nothing of concern

Alcohol, drugs and other substances

Nothing of concern

Nudity and sexual activity

Nothing of concern

Product placement

Nothing of concern

Coarse language

Christopher Robin has some coarse language.

Ideas to discuss with your children

Christopher Robin is a Disney family movie. The mixture of real-life and animated animals is quite realistic, and children will love seeing their favourite book animals come to life. Adults might also enjoy the movie for its nostalgia value, with some picturesque scenes resembling the original book illustrations. Winnie the Pooh is the hero who, having been looked after and rescued many times by Christopher Robin when he was young, now comes to rescue Christopher Robin.

This is quite a gentle movie, but there are some brief scary scenes that make it unsuitable for very young viewers.

The main message from this movie is that it's important to make time for the people you love. Although work is important, it shouldn't take priority over family.

Values in this movie that you could reinforce with your children include the importance of teamwork, friendship, play, loyalty, care and compassion.

This movie could also give you the chance to talk with your children about real-life issues like why Eeyore is always so gloomy. What can be done to help him?

Give the baby the name of the father or mother

Give the baby the name of the father or mother

Could you name your baby father or mother? Every time I throw this question to friends and family, it sparks a discussion. In any case, the majority are those who sing a big 'no'.

Many begin to turn their heads from one side to the other and talk about the disadvantages of choosing the same name for a child as one of their parents. Others, the least, talk about the beauty of perpetuating a name from generation to generation.

When I was little, we already had this problem because my father decided to give my brother his name: Luis. In such a way, that my brother wore the sanbenito (and he still wears it today, although he is already the father of the family) that we called him Luisito. Also, every time someone called home and asked for Luis, we had to ask: the father or the son?

Many people say that this is a great inconvenience, as the child loses personality. He becomes Luis the son or Luis the grandson and does not have his own space to develop independently.

That experience made me think that I would never choose my name or that of my husband for my children. It was very clear to him. However, five years ago I became pregnant with my first child. I liked several girl names and had almost decided when ... the ultrasound confirmed us that it would be a boy. He had no name for a boy! I looked at lists, read books, listened to parents in the park calling their children for inspiration. And in the end, the answer came out of nowhere.

I decided to call my son Jorge ... after his father. I had been reneging on it for years, and in the end I fell into tradition. Why? I am not very clear about it, but during my pregnancy, it was the only name that I liked. Pregnancy produces strange sensations in women, and mine was to throw away all the criticisms that I had made of the tradition of passing names from parents to children. My husband reminded me of all my beliefs when I told him that we should name our son after him. But you know, better not be contrary to a pregnant woman.

You can read more articles similar to Give the baby the name of the father or mother, in the A-Z category Baby Names on site.

Όταν ο πατέρας παραμερίζει την μητέρα στο μεγάλωμα του παιδιού

Child restraints and booster seats

Child restraints and booster seats

Child restraints and booster seats: the law

By law, children must be secured in a properly fastened child restraint that:

  • is correctly fitted and adjusted for their age and size
  • meets Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 1754.

Here are the minimum legal requirements for using child restraints and booster seats in Australia:

  • Children under six months must use a rear-facing child restraint with an inbuilt harness. They must not sit in the front row if the vehicle has two or more rows of seats.
  • Children aged six months up to four years must use a rear-facing or forward-facing child restraint with an inbuilt harness. They must not sit in the front row if the vehicle has two or more rows of seats.
  • Children aged four years up to seven years must use a forward-facing approved child restraint with an inbuilt harness, or an approved booster seat with a properly fastened and adjusted seatbelt or child safety harness. They can sit in the front row only if all other rear seats are occupied by children under seven years, in vehicles with two or more rows of seats.
  • Children aged seven years and older must use a properly adjusted and fastened child restraint or adult seatbelt, depending on their size.

These are the minimum legal requirements in Australia. It's always safest to keep your child in a child restraint or booster seat for as long as possible, depending on his size.

Moving to an adult seatbelt: the law

By law, a child aged seven years and older can use an adult seatbelt, but only if she's big enough. If a police officer thinks that a child aged over seven years isn't wearing an adult seatbelt correctly, the officer can give you an infringement notice.

It's important to know that most 7-year-olds are too small for an adult seatbelt. Many children aren't big enough to safely wear an adult seatbelt until they're 10-12 years old. This is because adult seatbelts are designed for people who are at least 145cm tall.

The five-step test can help you decide whether your child is big enough to move to an adult seatbelt. Children are big enough to use adult seatbelts if they can do the following:

  • Sit with their backs firmly against the seat back.
  • Bend their knees comfortably over the front of the seat cushion.
  • Sit with the sash belt across their mid-shoulder.
  • Sit with the lap belt across the top of their thighs.
  • Stay in this position for the whole car trip.

Safety standards for child restraints: the law

By law, all child restraints or car seats used, bought or sold in Australia must meet Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 1754. The Standards label should be on the packaging of new restraints and on the restraint itself.

AS/NZS 1754 sets out the requirements for child restraints including shoulder height markers. These markers show when your child can start using a restraint, when the seat can be converted to the next model, and when your child has outgrown the restraint. You must follow these markers.

Keep using your child's current child restraint or booster seat until your child reaches the maximum shoulder height limits. If your child is in the next type of restraint before he's big enough for it, it might not protect him properly if you have a crash.

Child restraint accessories
If you're buying accessories for your child restraint - like seatbelt modifiers, covers, inserts or padding - always look for those with Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 8005.

It's important that you use only accessories that come with the child restraint, or accessories approved for use with that particular restraint.

You can check the safety performance of any child restraints you're interested in buying at Child Car Seats.

Fitting child restraints and booster seats

All child restraints and booster seats must be fitted correctly for safety, but they can be tricky to fit.

When you're buying a new restraint, it's a good idea to check that it will fit in your car before you buy it. You can ask the shop to let you try fitting a display model in your car.

Once you've bought a restraint, it's also a good idea to have your new restraint professionally fitted at a local fitting service. And if you need to move the restraint later, always follow the manufacturer's instructions.

When you're learning how to fit and use a child restraint, it's important to:

  • choose the correct anchorage points - check your car manual to find out where they are. If you have a child restraint that's compatible with ISOFIX, check whether your car also has ISOFIX low anchorage points
  • position the restraint firmly on the car seat
  • make sure other passengers can still easily get to their seatbelt buckles
  • know how to position your baby and firm up the harness
  • adjust and check the straps as your child grows, according to the manufacturer's instructions and laws and recommendations on the use of child restraints.

Sitting in a child restraint for long periods isn't good for your child's physical development. This is why it's important to take your baby out of her car restraint when you get out of the car, even if she has fallen asleep. It's also important to take a break every hour on long trips to stretch.

About 70% of child restraints aren't properly installed. If you follow the manufacturer's instructions when installing and using restraints, you help to keep your child safe in the case of a road accident. Road accidents are a leading cause of child death in Australia.

Convertible and combination child restraints

There are many convertible and combination child restraints available.

Convertible means the restraint can be used as a rear-facing or forward-facing restraint with inbuilt harness.

Combination means it can be used as a forward-facing child restraint with inbuilt harness or as a booster seat with a lap-sash seatbelt.

These 'two-in-one' restraints can sometimes be cost-savers, because you can use them for children at different ages.

If you don't want to buy a restraint for your newborn, you could look into hiring an approved rear-facing child restraint from your local council, ambulance service or private company. It's a good idea to book child restraints well before your baby is born.

How many child restraints can fit in a car?

The number of restraints that can be fitted correctly to your car will depend on the:

  • make and model of your car
  • type and brand of child restraint you choose
  • combination of restraints you need for your children
  • number of child restraint anchorage points.

The best way to find out how many restraints can fit is to try fitting them correctly together in your car before you buy them.

Second-hand child restraints and booster seats

If you choose to use a second-hand child restraint, make sure to check that it:

  • is under 10 years old - check for a manufacture date on the restraint
  • has no cracks, large stress marks or mould
  • has straps that are in good condition - that is, not frayed, worn or damaged
  • hasn't been in a crash
  • has a buckle that clicks the harness into place securely
  • meets the AS/NZS 1754 Standard - check for the Standard on the restraint's label
  • comes with all the parts, including the instruction booklet.
If you're not sure about the safety history of a second-hand child restraint, it's best not to accept or buy it. Consider buying a restraint only from someone you know and trust.

Child restraints and travelling by taxi or bus

In all states and territories of Australia except New South Wales, the following laws apply:

  • Children are able to travel in a taxi without an appropriate child restraint, if there are none available.
  • Children under one year must travel in the back row and sit on an adult passenger's lap, without sharing the seatbelt.
  • Children from one year to under seven years must sit in the back row of seats in taxis unless these seats are already occupied by children under seven years. They must be restrained by a seatbelt that is properly adjusted and fastened as best as possible, if no appropriate child restraint is available.

In New South Wales, children under one year must use a child restraint or booster seat in a taxi.

Children under 16 years don't have to use child restraints or booster seats in buses, but it's recommended that they do. Buses are vehicles with more than 12 seats, including the driver.

If you need to travel by taxi it's best to bring your own child restraint - all taxis are fitted with child restraint anchorage points. In some states, taxis can provide a child restraint if ordered ahead of time. Check with your taxi company for more information.

Children with additional needs

If you have a child with additional needs, like a medical condition or physical disability, there might be exemptions to child restraint road rules.

Health professionals like occupational therapists can work with your family to choose the best restraint for your child or to modify a restraint so your child can use it. Only health professionals can modify restraints, recommend restraint accessories or suggest specialised restraints.

If you've had a restraint modified so that your child can use it, the restraint will not meet legal requirements. This means that you need an exemption from the requirements. Check with your occupational therapist or your state's road safety authority for more information.

You can read more about transportation of children with additional needs.

Breath with gorgonzola


Dehydration in children

How do I find out if my child is dehydrated?
Dehydration of the baby occurs either through the massive loss of fluids or due to insufficient fluid intake, the causes being fever, overheating, vomiting or diarrhea. Young children and infants are especially prone to dehydration. Therefore, the problem should be treated very seriously by parents.
Ask your doctor urgently if your child shows the following signs:
• did not urinate for 6 hours, or wet less than 6 diapers in 24 hours;
• the urine has a dark yellow color;
• has swollen fountains;
• is less playful than usual and has less energy;
• has dry mouth and sticky lips;
• do not shed any tears when crying.

If your baby's dehydration is increasing, he or she will need intravenous fluids. Signs of aggravation of this condition are the following:
• Puffy eyes;
• cold hands and feet;
• lethargy.
What causes dehydration of the child?
Fever is one of the most common causes of dehydration. When your baby has a fever, it sweats, and the water evaporates through the skin, in an attempt by the body to adjust its temperature automatically. Also, the rhythm of breathing can accelerate, which causes the amount of fluid to lose through expiration.
Too much activity on a hot day, or just spending time in a room too heated leads to sweating and fluid loss.
Diarrhea and vomiting
If your child has bowel disease such as gastroenteritis, he will lose body fluids in the form of diarrhea and vomiting.
Refusal to drink liquids
Mouth-to-hand disease and other disorders of the oral cavity cause small pain, so it will end up refusing to consume fluids.
How can it be treated?
The child must drink plenty of fluids. It is quite rare for infants who are still breastfed to become dehydrated, but if this happens, the baby should be fed more often.
If you have trouble swallowing, ask your doctor if you can give him medications such as liquid paracetamol to relieve his discomfort.
In hot weather, keep your baby in cool places, away from the sun.
If your baby is dehydrated due to diarrhea or because of vomiting, you can give them, at the doctor's recommendation, certain medicines or liquids such as diluted water or apple juice. Experts recommend the following plan:
• Once he has stopped vomiting, start giving him small amounts of water every half hour.
• If you notice that it feels better you can increase the amount of water.
• If the baby's condition is constant, you can start adding small amounts of milk every 3 or 4 hours.
• If the baby has not vomited for 12 to 24 hours, you can start to pass it slowly on his daily menu, but taking care to maintain his increased fluid intake. Start with easily digestible food such as cereals or yogurt.
• Do not give her anti-vomiting drugs.
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