3 Main Stages of Pregnancy
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What causes a white tongue in children? - Dr. Manissha Agarwal
Polycystic ovary syndrome
This condition primarily affects the ovaries, which are enlarged in size, with the surface covered by small follicles.
These follicles remain immature and are not capable of producing an egg.
The woman ovulates inconsistently and therefore her ability to become pregnant is affected. In addition to this, menstruation can be delayed for several weeks. Menstrual cycles can be every 5-6 weeks or can be reduced to one to two a year, maybe not at all. Other manifestations may be weight gain and excess body hair.
PCOS is one of the main causes of infertility. The incidence rate of the disease is 25%.
The syndrome presents several manifestations besides the absence or irregularities of menstruation.
Women may suffer from infertility because the lack of menstruation is closely linked to the occurrence of ovulation problems. Signs of growth of male hormones, which cause the appearance of excess body hair, especially under the chin, above the upper lip, forearm, lower limbs and abdomen as a vertical line reaching the umbilical area may occur.
Another consequence is the appearance of acne, usually present on the face. Weight gain can be reported, up to obesity, due to the fact that fat cells are resistant to the action of insulin, which causes the storage of sugar in the form of fat. Another complication of the disease is miscarriage, often recurrent.
All of these are caused by hormonal irregularities, which include:
• The growth of the luteinizing hormone in the first part of the menstrual cycle;
• Increased testosterone;
• Slight increase of insulin and cellular resistance to its action;
• Characteristic image of the ovaries at the ultrasound: polycystic, with small follicles covering the outer surface of the ovary (usually more than 10-15 for each ovary) and almost none inside. These follicles are small and immature, usually not exceeding 10 mm in size and rarely reaching maturity and ovulation.
Most women with polycystic ovary syndrome will have the characteristic image of the ovary at ultrasound, with menstrual abnormalities occurring in 66% of them, and obesity in 40%.
The occurrence of hair loss and acne are found in 70% while hormonal abnormalities in 50% of women.
Tags Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Hormonal Disorders Irregular Menstruation Obesity Fertility Causes Infertility